Factor analysis and evaluation of each item of the tinnitus handicap inventory

Satoko Wakabayashi, Naoki Oishi, Seiichi Shinden, Kaoru Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to examine the availability of subscales in the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) originally proposed by Newman and the possibility of other useful subscales. We also examine whether each item of the THI could be used to better understand the status of patients with tinnitus. Methods: This study included 1332 patients who answered the THI on their first visit. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to the 25 items of the THI to confirm the usefulness of the emotional, functional, and catastrophic subscales. Exploratory factor analysis was performed to discover the availability of other suitable subscales in addition to the proposed subscales. The proportion of patients who chose "yes" in each item of the THI was also examined to understand the status of patients with tinnitus. Results: In the confirmatory factor analysis, the emotional, functional, and catastrophic subscales did not fit the model. In the exploratory factor analysis, data were extremely biased to one factor. Examination of each item of the THI showed the tendency of worsening of comorbid symptoms when tinnitus handicap became worse. Conclusions: As a result of the factor analysis, only the total score, not any subscale, would be clinically useful in the THI. Examination of each item of the THI was helpful to understand the status of patients with tinnitus and comorbid symptoms of tinnitus. It is necessary to consider treatment by taking these comorbid symptoms into account.

Original languageEnglish
Article number217
JournalHead and Face Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 7

Keywords

  • Comorbid symptoms
  • Subscales
  • THI (tinnitus handicap inventory)
  • Tinnitus
  • Total score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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