Factors Affecting the Waiting Time from Injury to Surgery in Elderly Patients with a Cervical Spine Injury: A Japanese Multicenter Survey

Masashi Uehara, Shota Ikegami, Takashi Takizawa, Hiroki Oba, Noriaki Yokogawa, Takeshi Sasagawa, Kei Ando, Hiroaki Nakashima, Naoki Segi, Toru Funayama, Fumihiko Eto, Akihiro Yamaji, Kota Watanabe, Satoshi Nori, Kazuki Takeda, Takeo Furuya, Atsushi Yunde, Hideaki Nakajima, Tomohiro Yamada, Tomohiko HasegawaYoshinori Terashima, Ryosuke Hirota, Hidenori Suzuki, Yasuaki Imajo, Hitoshi Tonomura, Munehiro Sakata, Ko Hashimoto, Yoshito Onoda, Kenichi Kawaguchi, Yohei Haruta, Nobuyuki Suzuki, Kenji Kato, Hiroshi Uei, Hirokatsu Sawada, Kazuo Nakanishi, Kosuke Misaki, Hidetomi Terai, Koji Tamai, Eiki Shirasawa, Gen Inoue, Kenichiro Kakutani, Yuji Kakiuchi, Katsuhito Kiyasu, Hiroyuki Tominaga, Hiroto Tokumoto, Yoichi Iizuka, Eiji Takasawa, Koji Akeda, Norihiko Takegami, Haruki Funao, Yasushi Oshima, Takashi Kaito, Daisuke Sakai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Bungo Otsuki, Shoji Seki, Masashi Miyazaki, Masayuki Ishihara, Seiji Okada, Shiro Imagama, Satoshi Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The management of cervical spine injuries in the elderly is often complicated by the presence of multiple medical comorbidities, and it is not uncommon for preoperative testing to reveal other conditions that require the postponement of surgery. However, the factors that affect the waiting time from injury to surgery have not been clarified. The purpose of this multicenter database study was to analyze the clinical features and identify the factors affecting the number of days waited between injury and surgery in elderly patients with a cervical spine injury. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the case histories of 1512 Japanese patients with a cervical spinal injury, who were seen at 33 institutions. After excluding patients who were not initially receiving a surgery for cervical spinal injury, 694 patients were ultimately analyzed. Based on a multivariate mixed model, we determined the factors related to the number of days from injury to surgery. Results: The mean time from injury to surgery was 12.3 days. Multivariate analysis revealed delays of 10.7 days for a renal disorder, 7.3 days for anticoagulant use, and 15.2 days for non-surgical thoracolumbar fracture as factors prolonging wait time. In contrast, a C3 or lower spine injury was significantly associated with a shortening of 9.5 days to surgery. Conclusions: This multicenter database study identified several factors influencing the time between injury and cervical spine surgery in elderly patients. While renal impairment, anticoagulant use, and non-surgical thoracolumbar fracture may increase the number of days to surgery, trauma to C3 or lower may expedite surgical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e815-e822
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume166
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cervical spine injury
  • Comorbidity
  • Influence factor
  • Waiting time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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