Factors influencing premature chromosome condensation (PCC) in transferred rat nuclei have been examined. Chromosome condensation of rat cumulus cell nuclei did not occur when the cell nuclei were injected into enucleated rat oocytes. By contrast, chromosome condensation did occur after transfer to enucleated mouse oocytes or intact rat oocytes. In the first serial NT experiment, rat somatic cell nuclei were injected into enucleated mouse oocytes, and the reconstructed oocytes were activated by strontium chloride. From these reconstructed embryos, karyoplasts containing pronucleus-like vesicles were transferred into pronuclear zygote-derived cytoplasts by a DC pulse. Transfer of a total of 340 serial NT zygotes into recipient females, including 206 two-cell embryos, resulted in only seven implantation sites. In the second serial NT experiment, rat somatic cell nuclei were injected into intact rat oocytes; the recipient metaphase-plate was then aspirated under UV light from the NT oocytes in which PCC of injected nuclei was observed. After activation of the NT oocytes, karyoplasts were introduced into zygote-derived cytoplasts. Transfer of a total of 115 serial NT zygotes, including 37 two-cell embryos, resulted in four implantation sites but no live offspring. These results establish a mean of inducing chromosome condensation in rat oocytes and demonstrate that reconstructed rat zygotes can be prepared by serial NT procedures. Developmental competence of these embryos remains to be clarified.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology