Family make-up is associated with the admission rate of stroke patients--difference between Kochi and Shimane Prefectures and in a rural community

T. Okamura, M. Iida, M. Tanigaki, M. Doi, H. Iso, T. Shimamoto, Y. Komachi

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Abstract

Kochi Prefecture had a higher admission rate for patients with cardiovascular disease, particularly for stroke, than Shimane Prefecture which has a similar socio-economic level. Kochi Prefecture had a smaller average number of persons in a household, a lower proportion of three generation households, and a lower proportion of households with six persons or more than Shimane Prefecture. The decline in number of persons in a household was greater in Kochi Prefecture than in Shimane Prefecture from 1960 to 1985, especially between 1970 and 1975. The association between family make-up and hospital discharge one year after stroke was examined in a rural community in Kochi Prefecture. Two hundred forty nine patients aged 40 years and older who were admitted immediately after stroke events were registered between 1969 and 1988, and they were followed for one year. According to family make-up, the subjects were divided into four groups: 1) persons who lived with spouse and daughter-in-law, 2) persons who lived with spouse, 3) persons who lived with daughter-in-law, 4) persons who lived without spouse and daughter-in-law. Although mean age and the proportion of serious cases were not different between group 1 and group 4, the proportion of admitted patients of group 1 was significantly lower than that of group 4. About 60% of group 1 had households with six persons or more. Group 2 had the lowest proportion of admitted patients, but this group was significantly younger than other groups. Within group 3, the proportion of admitted patients was higher in households in which the daughter-in-law had a job than in households in which she did not. These results suggest that the high admission rate in Kochi Prefecture is attributable to households which are short of personnel for home care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-361
Number of pages10
Journal[Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health
Volume41
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Apr
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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