Fasting Imparts a Switch to Alternative Daily Pathways in Liver and Muscle

Kenichiro Kinouchi, Christophe Magnan, Nicholas Ceglia, Yu Liu, Marlene Cervantes, Nunzia Pastore, Tuong Huynh, Andrea Ballabio, Pierre Baldi, Selma Masri, Paolo Sassone-Corsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The circadian clock operates as intrinsic time-keeping machinery to preserve homeostasis in response to the changing environment. While food is a known zeitgeber for clocks in peripheral tissues, it remains unclear how lack of food influences clock function. We demonstrate that the transcriptional response to fasting operates through molecular mechanisms that are distinct from time-restricted feeding regimens. First, fasting affects core clock genes and proteins, resulting in blunted rhythmicity of BMAL1 and REV-ERBα both in liver and skeletal muscle. Second, fasting induces a switch in temporal gene expression through dedicated fasting-sensitive transcription factors such as GR, CREB, FOXO, TFEB, and PPARs. Third, the rhythmic genomic response to fasting is sustainable by prolonged fasting and reversible by refeeding. Thus, fasting imposes specialized dynamics of transcriptional coordination between the clock and nutrient-sensitive pathways, thereby achieving a switch to fasting-specific temporal gene regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3299-3314.e6
JournalCell Reports
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 18
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • circadian
  • clock
  • fasting
  • liver
  • metabolism
  • muscle
  • rhythm
  • RNA-seq
  • transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Kinouchi, K., Magnan, C., Ceglia, N., Liu, Y., Cervantes, M., Pastore, N., Huynh, T., Ballabio, A., Baldi, P., Masri, S., & Sassone-Corsi, P. (2018). Fasting Imparts a Switch to Alternative Daily Pathways in Liver and Muscle. Cell Reports, 25(12), 3299-3314.e6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2018.11.077