Fatty acids intakes and serum lipid profiles: NIPPON DATA90 and the national nutrition monitoring

Yasuyuki Nakamura, Nagako Okuda, Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Akira Fujiyoshi, Tomonori Okamura, Takehito Hayakawa, Katsushi Yoshita, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The National Nutritional Survey in Japan (NNSJ) was initiated in 1946. Using the majority of the participants for NNSJ, the National Survey on Circulatory Disorders (NSCD) has been conducted every 10 year since 1960. We compared fatty acids intakes obtained from NNSJ and serum lipid profiles from NSCD conducted in 1990. Methods: A total of 8344 community residents (4856 women and 3488 men, age ≥ 30) from 300 randomly selected districts participated in the both surveys in 1990. At baseline, history, physical, and blood biochemical measurement and a nutritional survey were performed. We estimated nutrient intakes of each household member by dividing household intake data proportionally using average intakes by sex and age groups calculated for NNSJ95. Results: Total fat, saturated fatty acids (SFA), poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), dietary cholesterol, and Keys dietary lipid factor (KEYS) were inversely associated with age in both men and women (all Ps < 0.001). In women, age and body mass index (BMI) adjusted serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) were positively associated with SFA, total fat intakes (%kcal), and with KEYS (P < 0.001). In men, age-BMI adjusted HDLc was not associated with SFA, total fat intakes, and with KEYS factors unlike in women. Other associations were similar to those in women. Conclusions: The total fatty acids, SFA intakes, and KEYS lipid factor obtained from NNSJ were significantly associated with serum total and LDL cholesterol from the National Survey on Circulatory Disorders conducted in 1990.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Epidemiology
Volume20
Issue numberSUPPL.3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nutrition Surveys
Fatty Acids
Lipids
Japan
Serum
Fats
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Body Mass Index
Dietary Cholesterol
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Age Groups
History
Cholesterol
Food
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Dietary cholesterol
  • Food frequency questionnaires
  • Keys dietary lipid factor
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Saturated fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Fatty acids intakes and serum lipid profiles : NIPPON DATA90 and the national nutrition monitoring. / Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Okuda, Nagako; Turin, Tanvir Chowdhury; Fujiyoshi, Akira; Okamura, Tomonori; Hayakawa, Takehito; Yoshita, Katsushi; Miura, Katsuyuki; Ueshima, Hirotsugu.

In: Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 20, No. SUPPL.3, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakamura, Y, Okuda, N, Turin, TC, Fujiyoshi, A, Okamura, T, Hayakawa, T, Yoshita, K, Miura, K & Ueshima, H 2010, 'Fatty acids intakes and serum lipid profiles: NIPPON DATA90 and the national nutrition monitoring', Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 20, no. SUPPL.3. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20090223
Nakamura, Yasuyuki ; Okuda, Nagako ; Turin, Tanvir Chowdhury ; Fujiyoshi, Akira ; Okamura, Tomonori ; Hayakawa, Takehito ; Yoshita, Katsushi ; Miura, Katsuyuki ; Ueshima, Hirotsugu. / Fatty acids intakes and serum lipid profiles : NIPPON DATA90 and the national nutrition monitoring. In: Journal of Epidemiology. 2010 ; Vol. 20, No. SUPPL.3.
@article{4de93da593124ba6ac0ba91cfdd4bcad,
title = "Fatty acids intakes and serum lipid profiles: NIPPON DATA90 and the national nutrition monitoring",
abstract = "Background: The National Nutritional Survey in Japan (NNSJ) was initiated in 1946. Using the majority of the participants for NNSJ, the National Survey on Circulatory Disorders (NSCD) has been conducted every 10 year since 1960. We compared fatty acids intakes obtained from NNSJ and serum lipid profiles from NSCD conducted in 1990. Methods: A total of 8344 community residents (4856 women and 3488 men, age ≥ 30) from 300 randomly selected districts participated in the both surveys in 1990. At baseline, history, physical, and blood biochemical measurement and a nutritional survey were performed. We estimated nutrient intakes of each household member by dividing household intake data proportionally using average intakes by sex and age groups calculated for NNSJ95. Results: Total fat, saturated fatty acids (SFA), poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), dietary cholesterol, and Keys dietary lipid factor (KEYS) were inversely associated with age in both men and women (all Ps < 0.001). In women, age and body mass index (BMI) adjusted serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) were positively associated with SFA, total fat intakes ({\%}kcal), and with KEYS (P < 0.001). In men, age-BMI adjusted HDLc was not associated with SFA, total fat intakes, and with KEYS factors unlike in women. Other associations were similar to those in women. Conclusions: The total fatty acids, SFA intakes, and KEYS lipid factor obtained from NNSJ were significantly associated with serum total and LDL cholesterol from the National Survey on Circulatory Disorders conducted in 1990.",
keywords = "Dietary cholesterol, Food frequency questionnaires, Keys dietary lipid factor, Polyunsaturated fatty acids, Saturated fatty acids",
author = "Yasuyuki Nakamura and Nagako Okuda and Turin, {Tanvir Chowdhury} and Akira Fujiyoshi and Tomonori Okamura and Takehito Hayakawa and Katsushi Yoshita and Katsuyuki Miura and Hirotsugu Ueshima",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.2188/jea.JE20090223",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
journal = "Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0917-5040",
publisher = "Japan Epidemiology Association",
number = "SUPPL.3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fatty acids intakes and serum lipid profiles

T2 - NIPPON DATA90 and the national nutrition monitoring

AU - Nakamura, Yasuyuki

AU - Okuda, Nagako

AU - Turin, Tanvir Chowdhury

AU - Fujiyoshi, Akira

AU - Okamura, Tomonori

AU - Hayakawa, Takehito

AU - Yoshita, Katsushi

AU - Miura, Katsuyuki

AU - Ueshima, Hirotsugu

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Background: The National Nutritional Survey in Japan (NNSJ) was initiated in 1946. Using the majority of the participants for NNSJ, the National Survey on Circulatory Disorders (NSCD) has been conducted every 10 year since 1960. We compared fatty acids intakes obtained from NNSJ and serum lipid profiles from NSCD conducted in 1990. Methods: A total of 8344 community residents (4856 women and 3488 men, age ≥ 30) from 300 randomly selected districts participated in the both surveys in 1990. At baseline, history, physical, and blood biochemical measurement and a nutritional survey were performed. We estimated nutrient intakes of each household member by dividing household intake data proportionally using average intakes by sex and age groups calculated for NNSJ95. Results: Total fat, saturated fatty acids (SFA), poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), dietary cholesterol, and Keys dietary lipid factor (KEYS) were inversely associated with age in both men and women (all Ps < 0.001). In women, age and body mass index (BMI) adjusted serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) were positively associated with SFA, total fat intakes (%kcal), and with KEYS (P < 0.001). In men, age-BMI adjusted HDLc was not associated with SFA, total fat intakes, and with KEYS factors unlike in women. Other associations were similar to those in women. Conclusions: The total fatty acids, SFA intakes, and KEYS lipid factor obtained from NNSJ were significantly associated with serum total and LDL cholesterol from the National Survey on Circulatory Disorders conducted in 1990.

AB - Background: The National Nutritional Survey in Japan (NNSJ) was initiated in 1946. Using the majority of the participants for NNSJ, the National Survey on Circulatory Disorders (NSCD) has been conducted every 10 year since 1960. We compared fatty acids intakes obtained from NNSJ and serum lipid profiles from NSCD conducted in 1990. Methods: A total of 8344 community residents (4856 women and 3488 men, age ≥ 30) from 300 randomly selected districts participated in the both surveys in 1990. At baseline, history, physical, and blood biochemical measurement and a nutritional survey were performed. We estimated nutrient intakes of each household member by dividing household intake data proportionally using average intakes by sex and age groups calculated for NNSJ95. Results: Total fat, saturated fatty acids (SFA), poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), dietary cholesterol, and Keys dietary lipid factor (KEYS) were inversely associated with age in both men and women (all Ps < 0.001). In women, age and body mass index (BMI) adjusted serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) were positively associated with SFA, total fat intakes (%kcal), and with KEYS (P < 0.001). In men, age-BMI adjusted HDLc was not associated with SFA, total fat intakes, and with KEYS factors unlike in women. Other associations were similar to those in women. Conclusions: The total fatty acids, SFA intakes, and KEYS lipid factor obtained from NNSJ were significantly associated with serum total and LDL cholesterol from the National Survey on Circulatory Disorders conducted in 1990.

KW - Dietary cholesterol

KW - Food frequency questionnaires

KW - Keys dietary lipid factor

KW - Polyunsaturated fatty acids

KW - Saturated fatty acids

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952305553&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77952305553&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2188/jea.JE20090223

DO - 10.2188/jea.JE20090223

M3 - Article

C2 - 20351476

AN - SCOPUS:77952305553

VL - 20

JO - Journal of Epidemiology

JF - Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0917-5040

IS - SUPPL.3

ER -