Objectives: To develop an electromagnetic navigation technology for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation and translate it from phantom to an in-vivo large animal setting. Material and methods: A custom-designed device for TIPS creation consisting of a stylet within a 5 French catheter as well as a software prototype were developed that allow real-time tip tracking of both stylet and catheter using an electromagnetic tracking system. Feasibility of navigated TIPSS creation was tested in a phantom by two interventional radiologists (A/B) followed by in-vivo testing evaluation in eight domestic pigs. Procedure duration and number of attempts needed for puncture of the portal vein were recorded. Results: In the phantom setting, intervention time to gain access to the portal vein (PV) was 144 ± 67 s (A) and 122 ± 51 s (B), respectively. In the in-vivo trials, TIPS could be successfully completed in five out of eight animals. Mean time for the complete TIPS was 245 ± 205 minutes with a notable learning curve towards the last animal. Conclusions: TIPS creation with the use of electromagnetic tracking technology proved to be feasible in-vitro as well as in-vivo. The system may be useful to facilitate challenging TIPSS procedures.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Jan 2|
- Image-guided procedures
- interventional radiology
- vascular intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas