Fermion structure of non-Abelian vortices in high density QCD

Shigehiro Yasui, Kazunori Itakura, Muneto Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the internal structure of a non-Abelian vortex in color superconductivity with respect to quark degrees of freedom. Stable non-Abelian vortices appear in the color-flavor-locked phase whose symmetry SU(3)c+L+R is further broken to SU(2)c+L+R-U(1)c+L+R at the vortex cores. Microscopic structure of vortices at scales shorter than the coherence length can be analyzed by the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation (rather than the Ginzburg-Landau equation). We obtain quark spectra from the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation by treating the diquark gap having the vortex configuration as a background field. We find that there are massless modes (zero modes) well-localized around a vortex, in the triplet and singlet states of the unbroken symmetry SU(2)c+L+R-U(1)c+L+R. The velocities vi of the massless modes (i=t, s for triplet and singlet) change at finite chemical potential μ 0, and decrease as μ becomes large. Therefore, low energy excitations in the vicinity of the vortices are effectively described by 1+1 dimensional massless fermions whose velocities are reduced vi<1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105003
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume81
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May 4

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quantum chromodynamics
fermions
vortices
quarks
color
Landau-Ginzburg equations
symmetry
atomic energy levels
superconductivity
degrees of freedom
configurations
excitation
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Fermion structure of non-Abelian vortices in high density QCD. / Yasui, Shigehiro; Itakura, Kazunori; Nitta, Muneto.

In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 81, No. 10, 105003, 04.05.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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