Fetal Heart Rate Detection Using First Derivative of ECG Waveform and Multiple Weighting Functions

Natsuho Niida, Lu Wang, Tomoaki Ohtsuki, Kazunari Owada, Naoki Honma, Hayato Hayashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Fetal heart rate monitoring using the abdominal electrocardiograph (ECG) is an important topic for the diagnosis of heart defects. Many studies on fetal heart rate detection have been presented, however, their accuracy is still unsatisfactory. That is because the fetal ECG waveform is contaminated by maternal ECG interference, muscle contractions, and motion artifacts. One of the conventional methods is to detect the R-peaks from the integrated power of the frequency corresponding to the fetal heartbeats. However, the detection accuracy of the R-peaks is not enough. In this paper, we propose a method to generate the candidates of R-peaks using the first derivative of the signal and to pick up the estimated heartbeats by a multiple weighting function. The proposed multiple weighting function is designed by the Gaussian distribution, of which parameters are set from a grid search with the goal of minimizing the standard deviation of RR intervals (neighboring R-peaks intervals). The validation for the proposed framework has been evaluated on real-world data, which got the better accuracy than the conventional method that detects R-peaks from the integrated power and uses the weighting function produced by a fixed parameter of Gaussian distribution [12]. The averaged absolute error (AAE) which compares the estimated fetal heart rate and the reference fetal heart rate has been decreased by 17.528 bpm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages434-438
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781728111797
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2021 - Virtual, Online, Mexico
Duration: 2021 Nov 12021 Nov 5

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2021
Country/TerritoryMexico
CityVirtual, Online
Period21/11/121/11/5

Keywords

  • Non-invasive ECG recordings
  • fetal electrocardiogram
  • fetal heart rate
  • weighting function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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