FIH-1-Mint3 axis does not control HIF-1α transcriptional activity in nucleus pulposus cells

Yuichiro Hirose, Zariel I. Johnson, Zachary R. Schoepflin, Dessislava Z. Markova, Kazuhiro Chiba, Yoshiaki Toyama, Irving M. Shapiro, Makarand V. Risbud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the role of FIH-1 in regulating HIF-1 activity in the nucleus pulposus (NP) cells and the control of this regulation by binding and sequestration of FIH-1 by Mint3. FIH-1 and Mint3 were both expressed in the NP and were shown to strongly co-localize within the cell nucleus. Although both mRNA and protein expression of FIH-1 decreased in hypoxia, only Mint3 protein levels were hypoxiasensitive. Overexpression of FIH-1 was able to reduce HIF-1 function, as seen by changes in activities of hypoxia response element-luciferase reporter and HIF-1α-C-TAD and HIF-2α-TAD. Moreover, co-transfection of either full-length Mint3 or the N terminus of Mint3 abrogated FIH-1-dependent reduction in HIF-1 activity under both normoxia and hypoxia. Nuclear levels of FIH-1 and Mint3 decreased in hypoxia, and the use of specific nuclear import and export inhibitors clearly showed that cellular compartmentalization of overexpressed FIH-1 was critical for its regulation of HIF-1 activity in NP cells. Interestingly, microarray results after stable silencing of FIH-1 showed no significant changes in transcripts of classical HIF-1 target genes. However, expression of several other transcripts, including those of the Notch pathway, changed in FIH-1-silenced cells. Moreover, co-transfection of Notch-ICD could restore suppression of HIF-1-TAD activity by exogenous FIH-1. Taken together, these results suggest that, possibly due to low endogenous levels and/or preferential association with substrates such as Notch, FIH-1 activity does not represent a major mechanism by which NP cells control HIF-1-dependent transcription, a testament to their adaptation to a unique hypoxic niche.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20594-20605
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume289
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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