Finishing of additively manufactured titanium alloy by shape adaptive grinding (SAG)

Anthony T. Beaucamp, Yoshiharu Namba, Phillip Charlton, Samyak Jain, Arthur A. Graziano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In recent years, rapid prototyping of titanium alloy components for medical and aeronautics application has become viable thanks to advances in technologies such as electron beam melting (EBM) and selective laser sintering (SLS). However, for many applications the high surface roughness generated by additive manufacturing techniques demands a post-finishing operation to improve the surface quality prior to usage. In this paper, the novel shape adaptive grinding process has been applied to finishing titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) additively manufactured by EBM and SLS. It is shown that the micro-structured surface layer resulting from the melting process can be removed, and the surface can then be smoothed down to less than 10 nmRa (starting from 4-5 μmRa) using only three different diamond grit sizes. This paper also demonstrates application of the technology to freeform shapes, and documents the dimensional accuracy of finished artifacts.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere024001
JournalSurface Topography: Metrology and Properties
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Shape adaptive grinding
  • Surface finish
  • Titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Finishing of additively manufactured titanium alloy by shape adaptive grinding (SAG)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this