Fire extinction using carbon dioxide hydrate

Takashi Hatakeyama, Eisuke Aida, Takeshi Yokomori, Ryo Ohmura, Toshihisa Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clathrate hydrates formed with nonflammable gases may be suitable for use as fire extinguishing agents because the dissociation of the hydrates decreases the temperature in the flame base and the nonflammable gases released from the dissociated hydrates prevent the supply of oxygen to the flame base. In the present study, we performed experiments to extinguish pool flames using the hydrate crystals formed with carbon dioxide. From the experimental result, the critical mass of CO2 hydrate to extinguish the flame was found to increase when the size of the pool flame is increased. The critical mass to extinguish the same size flame of ordinary ice and dry ice was also measured. These results showed that the CO2 hydrate can extinguish the pool flame with less water as compared to ordinary ice and less releasing of the CO2 as compared to the dry ice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4083-4087
Number of pages5
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume48
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 15

Fingerprint

Hydrates
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide
Fires
Ice
Dry Ice
Gases
Oxygen
Crystals
Water
Experiments
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Fire extinction using carbon dioxide hydrate. / Hatakeyama, Takashi; Aida, Eisuke; Yokomori, Takeshi; Ohmura, Ryo; Ueda, Toshihisa.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 48, No. 8, 15.04.2009, p. 4083-4087.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hatakeyama, Takashi ; Aida, Eisuke ; Yokomori, Takeshi ; Ohmura, Ryo ; Ueda, Toshihisa. / Fire extinction using carbon dioxide hydrate. In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 2009 ; Vol. 48, No. 8. pp. 4083-4087.
@article{1fb8c5941cc34c4d93eb5fbfa79526fd,
title = "Fire extinction using carbon dioxide hydrate",
abstract = "Clathrate hydrates formed with nonflammable gases may be suitable for use as fire extinguishing agents because the dissociation of the hydrates decreases the temperature in the flame base and the nonflammable gases released from the dissociated hydrates prevent the supply of oxygen to the flame base. In the present study, we performed experiments to extinguish pool flames using the hydrate crystals formed with carbon dioxide. From the experimental result, the critical mass of CO2 hydrate to extinguish the flame was found to increase when the size of the pool flame is increased. The critical mass to extinguish the same size flame of ordinary ice and dry ice was also measured. These results showed that the CO2 hydrate can extinguish the pool flame with less water as compared to ordinary ice and less releasing of the CO2 as compared to the dry ice.",
author = "Takashi Hatakeyama and Eisuke Aida and Takeshi Yokomori and Ryo Ohmura and Toshihisa Ueda",
year = "2009",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1021/ie8019533",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "4083--4087",
journal = "Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research",
issn = "0888-5885",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fire extinction using carbon dioxide hydrate

AU - Hatakeyama, Takashi

AU - Aida, Eisuke

AU - Yokomori, Takeshi

AU - Ohmura, Ryo

AU - Ueda, Toshihisa

PY - 2009/4/15

Y1 - 2009/4/15

N2 - Clathrate hydrates formed with nonflammable gases may be suitable for use as fire extinguishing agents because the dissociation of the hydrates decreases the temperature in the flame base and the nonflammable gases released from the dissociated hydrates prevent the supply of oxygen to the flame base. In the present study, we performed experiments to extinguish pool flames using the hydrate crystals formed with carbon dioxide. From the experimental result, the critical mass of CO2 hydrate to extinguish the flame was found to increase when the size of the pool flame is increased. The critical mass to extinguish the same size flame of ordinary ice and dry ice was also measured. These results showed that the CO2 hydrate can extinguish the pool flame with less water as compared to ordinary ice and less releasing of the CO2 as compared to the dry ice.

AB - Clathrate hydrates formed with nonflammable gases may be suitable for use as fire extinguishing agents because the dissociation of the hydrates decreases the temperature in the flame base and the nonflammable gases released from the dissociated hydrates prevent the supply of oxygen to the flame base. In the present study, we performed experiments to extinguish pool flames using the hydrate crystals formed with carbon dioxide. From the experimental result, the critical mass of CO2 hydrate to extinguish the flame was found to increase when the size of the pool flame is increased. The critical mass to extinguish the same size flame of ordinary ice and dry ice was also measured. These results showed that the CO2 hydrate can extinguish the pool flame with less water as compared to ordinary ice and less releasing of the CO2 as compared to the dry ice.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=65249155421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=65249155421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/ie8019533

DO - 10.1021/ie8019533

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:65249155421

VL - 48

SP - 4083

EP - 4087

JO - Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

JF - Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

SN - 0888-5885

IS - 8

ER -