First principles study of isotope effect in hydrogen-bonded K3H(SO4)2: II - Zero-point oscillation effect

Yuji Suwa, Jun Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Kageshima, Shinji Tsuneyuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

First principles calculation is performed to find the difference between K3H(SO4)2 (KHS) and K3D(SO4)2 (DKHS) by taking account of the zero-point oscillation effects of the proton and the deuteron. First, we calculate the potential surface for the proton in the crystal. The ground-state energies and the wavefunctions of the proton and the deuteron in that potential are calculated. Then, the stable positions of the proton and the deuteron are calculated taking account of zero-point energy, and the electric charge distributions are calculated taking account of the spread wavefunctions of the proton and the deuteron. As a result, we find that the anharmonicity of the proton potential surface makes the position of the hydrogen closer to the center of the hydrogen bond than that of the deuterium. We also find that the zero-point oscillation effect diminishes the dipole moments, and that the shrinkage of the dipole moment in the hydrogen system is larger than that of the deuteron. These two effects play significant roles in the mechanism of the isotope effect in KHS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-112
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 22
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Deuterium
Isotopes
isotope effect
Protons
Hydrogen
deuterons
oscillations
protons
hydrogen
Dipole moment
Surface potential
Wave functions
dipole moments
Electric charge
zero point energy
Charge distribution
electric charge
shrinkage
charge distribution
Ground state

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

First principles study of isotope effect in hydrogen-bonded K3H(SO4)2 : II - Zero-point oscillation effect. / Suwa, Yuji; Yamauchi, Jun; Kageshima, Hiroyuki; Tsuneyuki, Shinji.

In: Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, Vol. 79, No. 2, 22.01.2001, p. 98-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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