Water is ubiquitous, and the surface properties of ice have been studied for some time, due to their importance. A liquidlike layer (LLL) is known to exist on ice, below the melting point. We use surface thermal fluctuation spectroscopy to study the LLL, including its thickness, for pure ice, and for ice with impurities. We find that the properties of the LLL are experimentally those of liquid water, with thickness much smaller than previous results. We also find that impurities cause the LLL to be thicker, and quite inhomogeneous, with properties depending on the dopant.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics