Let (M, g) be a 3-dimensional Riemannian manifold. The goal of the paper it to show that if P0∈ M is a non-degenerate critical point of the scalar curvature, then a neighborhood of P0 is foliated by area-constrained Willmore spheres. Such a foliation is unique among foliations by area-constrained Willmore spheres having Willmore energy less than 32π, moreover it is regular in the sense that a suitable rescaling smoothly converges to a round sphere in the Euclidean three-dimensional space. We also establish generic multiplicity of foliations and the first multiplicity result for area-constrained Willmore spheres with prescribed (small) area in a closed Riemannian manifold. The topic has strict links with the Hawking mass.
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Jun 1|
- Hawking mass
- Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction
- Nonlinear fourth order partial differential equations
- Willmore functional
ASJC Scopus subject areas