Food intake attenuates the drug interaction between new quinolones and aluminum

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Abstract

Background: Intestinal absorption of new quinolones is decreased by oral administration of polyvalent metal cations. Some clinical studies have demonstrated this drug - drug interaction is more prominent under fasted condition. However, the effect of food intake on the extent of drug - drug interaction between new quinolones and metal cations remains to be investigated quantitatively and systematically. The aim of this study was to develop an animal model that enables to evaluate the effect of food intake on the extent of drug - drug interaction in the gastrointestinal tract by chelation and to apply the model to evaluate quantitatively the effect of food intake on the drug - drug interaction between two new quinolones, ofloxacin or ciprofloxacin and sucralfate. Methods: The rats were orally administered new quinolones (5.3 mg/kg of ofloxacin or 10 mg/kg of ciprofloxacin) with or without 13.3 mg/kg of sucralfate under fasted or fed condition and plasma concentration profiles of new quinolones were monitored. To the fed group, standard breakfast used in human studies was pasted and administered at a dose of 8.8 g/kg. Results: The area under the plasma concentration - time curves (AUC0-6) of ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin under the fasted condition were significantly decreased to 28.8 and 17.1% by co-administration of sucralfate, respectively. On the contrary, sucralfate moderately decreased the AUC0-6 of ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin to 54.9 and 33.2%, respectively, under fed condition. The effects of sucralfate and food intake on the kinetics of ofloxacin in this study were well consistent with the results of previous clinical trial. Conclusions: The developed animal model quantitatively reproduced the effect of food intake on the drug - drug interaction between ofloxacin and sucralfate. The similar influences were observed for the drug - drug interaction between ciprofloxacin and sucralfate, suggesting that the extent of drug - drug interaction caused by chelation is generally attenuated by food intake.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 14

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Aluminum
  • Chelation
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Drug - drug interaction
  • Food
  • New quinolones
  • Ofloxacin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (nursing)

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