A model for controlling the two-dimensional distribution of negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV- ) fluorescent centers near the surface of a diamond crystal is presented, using only a microwave plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. In this approach, a CVD diamond layer is homoepitaxialy grown via microwave plasma-assisted CVD using an isotopically enriched methane (12CH4), hydrogen (H2), and nitrogen (N2) gas mixture on patterned diamond (0 0 1). When the surface is imaged by means of confocal microscope photoluminescence mapping, fine grooves are observed to have been generated artificially on the diamond surface. NV- centers are found to be distributed selectively into these grooves. These results demonstrate an effective means for the formation of NV- centers of selectable size and density via microwave plasma-assisted CVD, with potential application in the production of diamond quantum sensors.
- groove structure
- microwave plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition
- nitrogen-vacancy centers
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Computer Science Applications