Formation of titanium/zirconia based biomaterial fabricated by spark plasma sintering

Shoichi Kikuchi, Kazutoshi Katahira, Jun Komotori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

New biomaterials were fabricated by sintering powders of commercially pure titanium(CP-Ti)and partially-stabilized zirconia (PSZ). The Ti/PSZ composites with different mass fraction of PSZ were consolidated by spark plasma sintering(SPS)at 1173 K and 1373 K. The microstructures of composites were characterized using a scanning electron microscope(SEM), an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer(EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS)and an X-ray diffraction(XRD). Vickers hardness tests, reciprocating wear tests, fracture toughness measurements, cell culture tests and electrochemical polarization tests were conducted to discuss their capability for biomaterials as a slide member. The composites with high wear resistance were achieved by sintering at 1373 K with high mass fraction of PSZ; however, fracture toughness showed low value. In contrast, the composites sintered at relatively low temperature of 1173 K with low mass fraction of PSZ showed high wear resistance and fracture toughness. Furthermore, electrochemical characteristics and biocompatibility of composites sintered at 1173 K tended to improve as the mass fraction of PSZ decreased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-348
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume82
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Spark plasma sintering
Biocompatible Materials
sparks
Titanium
Biomaterials
zirconium oxides
Zirconia
sintering
titanium
fracture strength
composite materials
Composite materials
Fracture toughness
wear resistance
X rays
Wear resistance
Sintering
hardness tests
x rays
Vickers hardness

Keywords

  • Biomaterial
  • Metal/ceramics composite
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Titanium
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Formation of titanium/zirconia based biomaterial fabricated by spark plasma sintering. / Kikuchi, Shoichi; Katahira, Kazutoshi; Komotori, Jun.

In: Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals, Vol. 82, No. 9, 01.01.2018, p. 341-348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a0f2b74bcb60474a8ccd288bf9c3a985,
title = "Formation of titanium/zirconia based biomaterial fabricated by spark plasma sintering",
abstract = "New biomaterials were fabricated by sintering powders of commercially pure titanium(CP-Ti)and partially-stabilized zirconia (PSZ). The Ti/PSZ composites with different mass fraction of PSZ were consolidated by spark plasma sintering(SPS)at 1173 K and 1373 K. The microstructures of composites were characterized using a scanning electron microscope(SEM), an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer(EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS)and an X-ray diffraction(XRD). Vickers hardness tests, reciprocating wear tests, fracture toughness measurements, cell culture tests and electrochemical polarization tests were conducted to discuss their capability for biomaterials as a slide member. The composites with high wear resistance were achieved by sintering at 1373 K with high mass fraction of PSZ; however, fracture toughness showed low value. In contrast, the composites sintered at relatively low temperature of 1173 K with low mass fraction of PSZ showed high wear resistance and fracture toughness. Furthermore, electrochemical characteristics and biocompatibility of composites sintered at 1173 K tended to improve as the mass fraction of PSZ decreased.",
keywords = "Biomaterial, Metal/ceramics composite, Spark plasma sintering, Titanium, Zirconia",
author = "Shoichi Kikuchi and Kazutoshi Katahira and Jun Komotori",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2320/jinstmet.J2018017",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "341--348",
journal = "Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals",
issn = "0021-4876",
publisher = "Japan Institute of Metals (JIM)",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Formation of titanium/zirconia based biomaterial fabricated by spark plasma sintering

AU - Kikuchi, Shoichi

AU - Katahira, Kazutoshi

AU - Komotori, Jun

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - New biomaterials were fabricated by sintering powders of commercially pure titanium(CP-Ti)and partially-stabilized zirconia (PSZ). The Ti/PSZ composites with different mass fraction of PSZ were consolidated by spark plasma sintering(SPS)at 1173 K and 1373 K. The microstructures of composites were characterized using a scanning electron microscope(SEM), an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer(EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS)and an X-ray diffraction(XRD). Vickers hardness tests, reciprocating wear tests, fracture toughness measurements, cell culture tests and electrochemical polarization tests were conducted to discuss their capability for biomaterials as a slide member. The composites with high wear resistance were achieved by sintering at 1373 K with high mass fraction of PSZ; however, fracture toughness showed low value. In contrast, the composites sintered at relatively low temperature of 1173 K with low mass fraction of PSZ showed high wear resistance and fracture toughness. Furthermore, electrochemical characteristics and biocompatibility of composites sintered at 1173 K tended to improve as the mass fraction of PSZ decreased.

AB - New biomaterials were fabricated by sintering powders of commercially pure titanium(CP-Ti)and partially-stabilized zirconia (PSZ). The Ti/PSZ composites with different mass fraction of PSZ were consolidated by spark plasma sintering(SPS)at 1173 K and 1373 K. The microstructures of composites were characterized using a scanning electron microscope(SEM), an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer(EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS)and an X-ray diffraction(XRD). Vickers hardness tests, reciprocating wear tests, fracture toughness measurements, cell culture tests and electrochemical polarization tests were conducted to discuss their capability for biomaterials as a slide member. The composites with high wear resistance were achieved by sintering at 1373 K with high mass fraction of PSZ; however, fracture toughness showed low value. In contrast, the composites sintered at relatively low temperature of 1173 K with low mass fraction of PSZ showed high wear resistance and fracture toughness. Furthermore, electrochemical characteristics and biocompatibility of composites sintered at 1173 K tended to improve as the mass fraction of PSZ decreased.

KW - Biomaterial

KW - Metal/ceramics composite

KW - Spark plasma sintering

KW - Titanium

KW - Zirconia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052694721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052694721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2320/jinstmet.J2018017

DO - 10.2320/jinstmet.J2018017

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85052694721

VL - 82

SP - 341

EP - 348

JO - Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals

JF - Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals

SN - 0021-4876

IS - 9

ER -