c-Fos, a component of the dimeric transcription factor AP-1, is necessary for osteoclast formation. To determine whether c-Fos can substitute for any or all of the stimuli needed for osteoclast induction, we infected osteoclast precursors with retroviral vectors expressing c-Fos or the Fos- related protein, Fra-1. The infected cells were incubated with or without osteoclast-inductive stimuli. Osteoclast formation from retroviral-infected precursors remained completely dependent on osteoclast-inductive stromal cells. Unexpectedly, infection of bipotential osteoclast-macrophage precursor cell lines with retroviruses expressing Fra-1 but not c-Fos caused a 10-100- fold increase in the number of precursors that developed calcitonin receptors associated with an increase in bone resorption. These observations suggest that, in the precursor cell lines, Fra-1 is a limiting factor for full responsiveness to the osteoclast-inductive environment. Fra-1 is therefore likely to play a role in osteoclast differentiation which is distinct from that of c-Fos.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology