Fractional vortex molecules and vortex polygons in a baby Skyrme model

Michikazu Kobayashi, Muneto Nitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We construct a molecule of fractional vortices with fractional topological lump charges as a baby Skyrmion with the unit topological lump charge in the antiferromagnetic (or XY) baby Skyrme model, that is, an O(3) sigma model with a four-derivative term and an antiferromagnetic or XY-type potential term quadratic in fields. We further construct configurations with topological lump charges Q≤7 and find that bound states of vortex molecules constitute regular polygons with 2Q vertices as vortices, where the rotational symmetry SO(2) in real space is spontaneously broken into a discrete subgroup ZQ. We also find metastable and arrayed bound states of fractional vortices for Q=5, 6. On the other hand, we find for Q=7 that the regular polygon is metastable and the arrayed bound state is stable. We calculate binding energies of all configurations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125013
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume87
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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