Fragmentation and parts and components trade: Comparison between East Asia and Europe

Fukunari Kimura, Yuya Takahashi, Kazunobu Hayakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)


This paper argues that fragmentation theory is well suited for explaining the mechanics of international production/distribution networks in East Asia, in contrast with the traditional horizontal product differentiation model fitted for intra-industry trade in core Europe. Using finely disaggregated international trade data, patterns of international trade in East Asia and Europe, particularly trade in machinery parts and components, are carefully examined, and the gravity equation approach is applied to check the validity of the theoretical framework.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-40
Number of pages18
JournalNorth American Journal of Economics and Finance
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 1



  • East Asia
  • Fragmentation
  • Intra-industry trade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Finance

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