Frequent mutations that converge on the NFKBIZ pathway in ulcerative colitis

Nobuyuki Kakiuchi, Kenichi Yoshida, Motoi Uchino, Takako Kihara, Kotaro Akaki, Yoshikage Inoue, Kenji Kawada, Satoshi Nagayama, Akira Yokoyama, Shuji Yamamoto, Minoru Matsuura, Takahiro Horimatsu, Tomonori Hirano, Norihiro Goto, Yasuhide Takeuchi, Yotaro Ochi, Yusuke Shiozawa, Yasunori Kogure, Yosaku Watatani, Yoichi FujiiSoo Ki Kim, Ayana Kon, Keisuke Kataoka, Tetsuichi Yoshizato, Masahiro M. Nakagawa, Akinori Yoda, Yasuhito Nanya, Hideki Makishima, Yuichi Shiraishi, Kenichi Chiba, Hiroko Tanaka, Masashi Sanada, Eiji Sugihara, Taka aki Sato, Takashi Maruyama, Hiroyuki Miyoshi, Makoto Mark Taketo, Jun Oishi, Ryosaku Inagaki, Yutaka Ueda, Shinya Okamoto, Hideaki Okajima, Yoshiharu Sakai, Takaki Sakurai, Hironori Haga, Seiichi Hirota, Hiroki Ikeuchi, Hiroshi Nakase, Hiroyuki Marusawa, Tsutomu Chiba, Osamu Takeuchi, Satoru Miyano, Hiroshi Seno, Seishi Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic inflammation is accompanied by recurring cycles of tissue destruction and repair and is associated with an increased risk of cancer1–3. However, how such cycles affect the clonal composition of tissues, particularly in terms of cancer development, remains unknown. Here we show that in patients with ulcerative colitis, the inflamed intestine undergoes widespread remodelling by pervasive clones, many of which are positively selected by acquiring mutations that commonly involve the NFKBIZ, TRAF3IP2, ZC3H12A, PIGR and HNRNPF genes and are implicated in the downregulation of IL-17 and other pro-inflammatory signals. Mutational profiles vary substantially between colitis-associated cancer and non-dysplastic tissues in ulcerative colitis, which indicates that there are distinct mechanisms of positive selection in both tissues. In particular, mutations in NFKBIZ are highly prevalent in the epithelium of patients with ulcerative colitis but rarely found in both sporadic and colitis-associated cancer, indicating that NFKBIZ-mutant cells are selected against during colorectal carcinogenesis. In further support of this negative selection, we found that tumour formation was significantly attenuated in Nfkbiz-mutant mice and cell competition was compromised by disruption of NFKBIZ in human colorectal cancer cells. Our results highlight common and discrete mechanisms of clonal selection in inflammatory tissues, which reveal unexpected cancer vulnerabilities that could potentially be exploited for therapeutics in colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-265
Number of pages6
JournalNature
Volume577
Issue number7789
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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