The effect of rev-responsive element deletion on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2) gene expression was examined. The phenotypes of HIV-1 and HIV-2 provirus DNAs lacking the rev-responsive element, as determined by transfection experiments, were indistinguishable from those of virus DNAs carrying rev gene mutations. By using rev-responsive elements derived from these two viruses, we developed two monitoring systems to evaluate the functionality of HIV-1 rev, HIV-2 rev, and human T-lymphotropic virus type I rex. In both systems, HIV-1 rev and human T-lymphotropic virus type I rex transactivated HIV-2 very efficiently. On the contrary, HIV-2 rev and human T-lymphotropic virus type I rex were poor activators of HIV-1. No functional replacement of rex by HIV-2 rev was observed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science