Functional visual acuity in age-related macular degeneration

Yohei Tomita, Norihiro Nagai, Misa Suzuki, Hajime Shinoda, Atsuro Uchida, Hiroshi Mochimaru, Kanako Izumi-Nagai, Mariko Sasaki, Kazuo Tsubota, Yoko Ozawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. We evaluated whether a functional visual acuity (FVA) system can detect subtle changes in central visual acuity that reflect pathological findings associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods. Twenty-eight patients with unilateral AMD and logMAR monocular best corrected VA better than 0 in both eyes, as measured by conventional chart examination, were analyzed between November 2012 and April 2013. After measuring conventional VA, FVA, and contrast VA with best correction, routine eye examinations including spectral domainYoptical coherence tomography were performed. Standard Schirmer test was performed, and corneal and lens densities were measured. Results. The FVA score (p G 0.001) and visualmaintenance ratio (p G 0.001) measured by the FVA system, contrast VA (p G 0. 01), and conventional VA (p G 0.01) were significantly worse in the AMD-affected eyes than in the fellow eyes. No significant differences were observed in the anterior segment conditions. Forward stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that the length of interdigitation zone disruption, as visualized by optical coherence tomography imaging, correlated with the FVAscore (p G 0.01) but not with any other parameters investigated. Conclusions. The FVA system detects subtle changes in best corrected VA in AMD-affected eyes and reflects interdigitation zone disruption, an anatomical change in the retina recorded by optical coherence tomography. Further studies are required to understand the value of the FVA system in detecting subtle changes in AMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-76
Number of pages7
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Keywords

  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Functional visual acuity
  • Interdigitation zone
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry

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