Gamma-synuclein is a novel prognostic marker that promotes tumor cell migration in biliary tract carcinoma

Yusuke Takemura, Hidenori Ojima, Go Oshima, Masahiro Shinoda, Yasushi Hasegawa, Minoru Kitago, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Shutaro Hori, Yoko Fujii-Nishimura, Naoto Kubota, Yuki Masuda, Taizo Hibi, Michiie Sakamoto, Yuko Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gamma-synuclein (SNCG) promotes invasive behavior and is reportedly a prognostic factor in a range of cancers. However, its role in biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) remains unknown. Consequently, we investigated the clinicopathological significance and function of SNCG in BTC. Using resected BTC specimens from 147 patients with adenocarcinoma (extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma [ECC, n = 96]; intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma [ICC, n = 51]), we immunohistochemically evaluated SNCG expression and investigated its correlation with clinicopathological factors and outcomes. Furthermore, cell lines with high SNCG expression were selected from 16 BTC cell lines and these underwent cell proliferation and migration assays by siRNAs. In the results, SNCG expression was present in 22 of 96 (22.9%) ECC patients and in 10 of 51 (19.6%) ICC patients. SNCG expression was significantly correlated with poorly differentiated tumor in both ECC and ICC (p = 0.01 and 0.03, respectively) and with perineural invasion and lymph node metastases in ECC (p = 0.04 and 0.003, respectively). Multivariate analyses revealed that SNCG expression was an independent poor prognostic factor in both OS and RFS in both ECC and ICC. In vitro analyses showed high SNCG expression in three BTC cell lines (NCC-BD1, NCC-BD3, and NCC-CC6-1). Functional analysis revealed that SNCG silencing could suppress cell migration in NCC-BD1 and NCC-CC6-1 and downregulate cell proliferation in NCC-CC6-1 significantly. In conclusion, SNCG may promote tumor cell activity and is potentially a novel prognostic marker in BTC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5599-5613
Number of pages15
JournalCancer medicine
Volume10
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Keywords

  • biliary tract carcinoma
  • gamma-synuclein
  • immunohistochemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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