Ge-Au eutectic bonding of Ge {100} single crystals

W. B. Knowlton, K. M. Itoh, J. W. Beeman, J. H. Emes, D. Loretto, E. E. Haller

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Abstract

We present preliminary results on the eutectic bonding between two {100} Ge single crystal surfaces using thin films of Au ranging from 900Å/surface to 300Å/surface and Pd (10% the thickness of Au). Following bonding, plan view optical microscopy (OM) of the cleaved interface of samples with Au thicknesses ≤ 500Å/surface show a eutectic morphology more conducive to phonon transmission through the bond interface. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) cross sectional interface studies of a 300Å/surface Au sample show <100> epitaxial growth of Ge. In sections of the bond, lattice continuity of the Ge is apparent through the interface. TEM studies also reveal <110> heteroepitaxial growth of Au with a Au-Ge lattice mismatch of less than 2%. Eutectic bonds with 200Å/surface Au have been attained with characterization pending. An optical polishing technique for Ge has been optimized to insure intimate contact between the Ge surfaces prior to bonding. Interferometry analysis of the optically polished Ge surface shows that surface height fluctuations lie within ±150Å across an interval of 1mm. Characterization of phonon transmission through the interface is discussed with respect to low temperature detection of ballistic phonons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-348
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume93
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Nov

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Knowlton, W. B., Itoh, K. M., Beeman, J. W., Emes, J. H., Loretto, D., & Haller, E. E. (1993). Ge-Au eutectic bonding of Ge {100} single crystals. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 93(3-4), 343-348. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00693444