Gender difference in the relationships between vision and hearing impairments and negative well-being

Sei Harada, Yuji Nishiwaki, Takehiro Michikawa, Yuriko Kikuchi, Satoko Iwasawa, Makiko Nakano, Ai Ishigami, Hideyuki Saito, Toru Takebayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the association of hearing impairment, vision impairment and their combination (dual sensory impairment) with negative well-being such as depression, subjective poor health and the reduced functional ability in community-dwelling older adults, and to determine whether any association varies by gender. Methods: Between 2005 and 2006, we objectively examined vision and hearing impairment (using best-corrected visual acuity and pure-tone audiometric test) in 843 people aged 65 years and older (351 males, 492 females) in a rural Japanese town. Through a home visit interview survey using a structured questionnaire, we also collected information on depression (the five-item Geriatric Depression Scale), subjective poor health, and reduced functional activity (the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology's Index of Competence). Results: We observed gender differences in the association between sensory impairment and depression. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that hearing impairment in males (adjusted odds ratio: 2.22, 95% confidence interval; 1.07-4.61) and vision impairment in females (1.91, 1.14-3.21) were related to depression. Vision impairment and dual sensory impairment were also associated with subjective poor health and reduced functional activity in both sexes. Conclusions: Sensory impairment is significantly associated with negative well-being in older persons, and its association with depression may differ between males and females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-437
Number of pages5
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct

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Hearing Loss
Depression
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Geriatrics
Independent Living
House Calls
Aptitude
Tokyo
Mental Competency
Visual Acuity
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Interviews

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Gender difference
  • Hearing
  • Vision
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Gender difference in the relationships between vision and hearing impairments and negative well-being. / Harada, Sei; Nishiwaki, Yuji; Michikawa, Takehiro; Kikuchi, Yuriko; Iwasawa, Satoko; Nakano, Makiko; Ishigami, Ai; Saito, Hideyuki; Takebayashi, Toru.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 47, No. 4, 10.2008, p. 433-437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harada, Sei ; Nishiwaki, Yuji ; Michikawa, Takehiro ; Kikuchi, Yuriko ; Iwasawa, Satoko ; Nakano, Makiko ; Ishigami, Ai ; Saito, Hideyuki ; Takebayashi, Toru. / Gender difference in the relationships between vision and hearing impairments and negative well-being. In: Preventive Medicine. 2008 ; Vol. 47, No. 4. pp. 433-437.
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