Gender differences in genetic and environmental etiology of gender role personality (BSRI)

Shoko Sasaki, Shinji Yamagata, Chizuru Shikishima, Koken Ozaki, Jyukou Andou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the possible effects of genetic and environmental gender differences in effect on individual differences by using the Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) with twins. A sex/gender-limitation analysis, a behavior genetics methodology was used to the following: (a) effects of gender-specific genes, (b) gender differences in quantitative genetic effects, (c) effects of gender-specific shared environment, (d) gender differences of quantitative shared environment, and (e) gender differences of quantitative nonshared environment. Participants were adolescent and adult twins, including 111 identical male pairs, 241 identical female pairs, 36 fraternal male pairs, 65 fraternal female pairs, and 58 opposite-gender pairs. The results indicated that although masculinity and femininity were explained by genetic factors to some extent, there were no significant gender differences in the genetic factors. Moreover, because our data did not support a model which explained gender differences in the effects of specific common environment factors, no evidence was found to support the prenatal hormonal hypothesis or the existence of parenting which encouraged children's gender role personality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-338
Number of pages9
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Volume80
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct

Fingerprint

Personality
Equipment and Supplies
Femininity
Masculinity
Parenting
Individuality

Keywords

  • Behavior genetic
  • Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI)
  • Gender
  • Sex
  • Twin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Sasaki, S., Yamagata, S., Shikishima, C., Ozaki, K., & Andou, J. (2009). Gender differences in genetic and environmental etiology of gender role personality (BSRI). Shinrigaku Kenkyu, 80(4), 330-338.

Gender differences in genetic and environmental etiology of gender role personality (BSRI). / Sasaki, Shoko; Yamagata, Shinji; Shikishima, Chizuru; Ozaki, Koken; Andou, Jyukou.

In: Shinrigaku Kenkyu, Vol. 80, No. 4, 10.2009, p. 330-338.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sasaki, S, Yamagata, S, Shikishima, C, Ozaki, K & Andou, J 2009, 'Gender differences in genetic and environmental etiology of gender role personality (BSRI)', Shinrigaku Kenkyu, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 330-338.
Sasaki, Shoko ; Yamagata, Shinji ; Shikishima, Chizuru ; Ozaki, Koken ; Andou, Jyukou. / Gender differences in genetic and environmental etiology of gender role personality (BSRI). In: Shinrigaku Kenkyu. 2009 ; Vol. 80, No. 4. pp. 330-338.
@article{6afa8b53976649be84a809d41460933d,
title = "Gender differences in genetic and environmental etiology of gender role personality (BSRI)",
abstract = "This study investigated the possible effects of genetic and environmental gender differences in effect on individual differences by using the Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) with twins. A sex/gender-limitation analysis, a behavior genetics methodology was used to the following: (a) effects of gender-specific genes, (b) gender differences in quantitative genetic effects, (c) effects of gender-specific shared environment, (d) gender differences of quantitative shared environment, and (e) gender differences of quantitative nonshared environment. Participants were adolescent and adult twins, including 111 identical male pairs, 241 identical female pairs, 36 fraternal male pairs, 65 fraternal female pairs, and 58 opposite-gender pairs. The results indicated that although masculinity and femininity were explained by genetic factors to some extent, there were no significant gender differences in the genetic factors. Moreover, because our data did not support a model which explained gender differences in the effects of specific common environment factors, no evidence was found to support the prenatal hormonal hypothesis or the existence of parenting which encouraged children's gender role personality.",
keywords = "Behavior genetic, Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI), Gender, Sex, Twin",
author = "Shoko Sasaki and Shinji Yamagata and Chizuru Shikishima and Koken Ozaki and Jyukou Andou",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "330--338",
journal = "Shinrigaku Kenkyu",
issn = "0021-5236",
publisher = "Japanese Psychological Association",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender differences in genetic and environmental etiology of gender role personality (BSRI)

AU - Sasaki, Shoko

AU - Yamagata, Shinji

AU - Shikishima, Chizuru

AU - Ozaki, Koken

AU - Andou, Jyukou

PY - 2009/10

Y1 - 2009/10

N2 - This study investigated the possible effects of genetic and environmental gender differences in effect on individual differences by using the Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) with twins. A sex/gender-limitation analysis, a behavior genetics methodology was used to the following: (a) effects of gender-specific genes, (b) gender differences in quantitative genetic effects, (c) effects of gender-specific shared environment, (d) gender differences of quantitative shared environment, and (e) gender differences of quantitative nonshared environment. Participants were adolescent and adult twins, including 111 identical male pairs, 241 identical female pairs, 36 fraternal male pairs, 65 fraternal female pairs, and 58 opposite-gender pairs. The results indicated that although masculinity and femininity were explained by genetic factors to some extent, there were no significant gender differences in the genetic factors. Moreover, because our data did not support a model which explained gender differences in the effects of specific common environment factors, no evidence was found to support the prenatal hormonal hypothesis or the existence of parenting which encouraged children's gender role personality.

AB - This study investigated the possible effects of genetic and environmental gender differences in effect on individual differences by using the Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) with twins. A sex/gender-limitation analysis, a behavior genetics methodology was used to the following: (a) effects of gender-specific genes, (b) gender differences in quantitative genetic effects, (c) effects of gender-specific shared environment, (d) gender differences of quantitative shared environment, and (e) gender differences of quantitative nonshared environment. Participants were adolescent and adult twins, including 111 identical male pairs, 241 identical female pairs, 36 fraternal male pairs, 65 fraternal female pairs, and 58 opposite-gender pairs. The results indicated that although masculinity and femininity were explained by genetic factors to some extent, there were no significant gender differences in the genetic factors. Moreover, because our data did not support a model which explained gender differences in the effects of specific common environment factors, no evidence was found to support the prenatal hormonal hypothesis or the existence of parenting which encouraged children's gender role personality.

KW - Behavior genetic

KW - Bern Sex Role Inventory (BSRI)

KW - Gender

KW - Sex

KW - Twin

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=73449109198&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=73449109198&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 19938658

AN - SCOPUS:73449109198

VL - 80

SP - 330

EP - 338

JO - Shinrigaku Kenkyu

JF - Shinrigaku Kenkyu

SN - 0021-5236

IS - 4

ER -