Generation of microcones on reaction-bonded silicon carbide by nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation

Tushar Meshram, Jiwang Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Silicon carbide (SiC) is heavily used in the industry due to its resistance to chemical wear and excellent mechanical properties such as high hardness and high stiffness. However, these properties make it difficult to produce micro and nanostructures on the surface of SiC by conventional methods. In this study, high-density microcones that protrude ~ 10 μm above the initial surface have been fabricated by nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation (λ = 532 nm) on reaction-bonded SiC. Geometrically aligned cones were also fabricated by modifying the laser scanning path, and effect of different parameters such as pulse frequency, laser fluence was studied. It was observed that the surface morphology of microcones was affected by the pulse width and beam overlap. X-ray spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy showed that the microcones were mainly composed of silicon. Formation of these cone structures made the surface highly superhydrophilic with a contact angle of ~ 0°.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Laser beam effects
Pulsed lasers
Silicon carbide
Cones
Lasers
X ray spectroscopy
Contact angle
Surface morphology
Raman spectroscopy
Laser pulses
Nanostructures
Hardness
Stiffness
Wear of materials
Scanning
Silicon
Mechanical properties
Industry

Keywords

  • Laser irradiation
  • Microcone
  • Reaction-bonded silicon carbide
  • Superhydrophilic surface
  • Surface texturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Generation of microcones on reaction-bonded silicon carbide by nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation",
abstract = "Silicon carbide (SiC) is heavily used in the industry due to its resistance to chemical wear and excellent mechanical properties such as high hardness and high stiffness. However, these properties make it difficult to produce micro and nanostructures on the surface of SiC by conventional methods. In this study, high-density microcones that protrude ~ 10 μm above the initial surface have been fabricated by nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation (λ = 532 nm) on reaction-bonded SiC. Geometrically aligned cones were also fabricated by modifying the laser scanning path, and effect of different parameters such as pulse frequency, laser fluence was studied. It was observed that the surface morphology of microcones was affected by the pulse width and beam overlap. X-ray spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy showed that the microcones were mainly composed of silicon. Formation of these cone structures made the surface highly superhydrophilic with a contact angle of ~ 0°.",
keywords = "Laser irradiation, Microcone, Reaction-bonded silicon carbide, Superhydrophilic surface, Surface texturing",
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AU - Yan, Jiwang

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N2 - Silicon carbide (SiC) is heavily used in the industry due to its resistance to chemical wear and excellent mechanical properties such as high hardness and high stiffness. However, these properties make it difficult to produce micro and nanostructures on the surface of SiC by conventional methods. In this study, high-density microcones that protrude ~ 10 μm above the initial surface have been fabricated by nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation (λ = 532 nm) on reaction-bonded SiC. Geometrically aligned cones were also fabricated by modifying the laser scanning path, and effect of different parameters such as pulse frequency, laser fluence was studied. It was observed that the surface morphology of microcones was affected by the pulse width and beam overlap. X-ray spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy showed that the microcones were mainly composed of silicon. Formation of these cone structures made the surface highly superhydrophilic with a contact angle of ~ 0°.

AB - Silicon carbide (SiC) is heavily used in the industry due to its resistance to chemical wear and excellent mechanical properties such as high hardness and high stiffness. However, these properties make it difficult to produce micro and nanostructures on the surface of SiC by conventional methods. In this study, high-density microcones that protrude ~ 10 μm above the initial surface have been fabricated by nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser irradiation (λ = 532 nm) on reaction-bonded SiC. Geometrically aligned cones were also fabricated by modifying the laser scanning path, and effect of different parameters such as pulse frequency, laser fluence was studied. It was observed that the surface morphology of microcones was affected by the pulse width and beam overlap. X-ray spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy showed that the microcones were mainly composed of silicon. Formation of these cone structures made the surface highly superhydrophilic with a contact angle of ~ 0°.

KW - Laser irradiation

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KW - Superhydrophilic surface

KW - Surface texturing

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