Accumulating evidence suggests that several polymorphisms in factors regulating blood coagulation, platelet function, and lipid metabolism are relevant for susceptibility to ischemic cerebrovascular diseases (CVD). The present study analyzed 15 genetic polymorphisms possibly associated with atherosclerosis and thrombosis in a case-control study involving a total of 200 genetically unrelated Japanese patients with ischemic CVD (mean age 58.3 +/- 7.6 y) and 281 age- and gender-matched control subjects (59.0 +/- 4.1 y). Control subjects were randomly selected from unrelated donors with no history of documented CVD or any type of cardiovascular disease with normal resting electrocardiograms. Among the factors genotyped, two factors, platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib alpha (Thr145Met) and NADPH oxidase p22phox (His72Tyr), were significantly associated with CVD after adjustment for acquired risk factors including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and smoking. For those with age < 60 y, 10.6% of the CVD patients and 2.9% of the control subjects had both of the two risk genotypes (GPIb alpha 145Met and p22phox 72Tyr, p < 0.05). The mean onset-age of CVD was 58.6 +/- 7.7 y for those having no or only one risk genotype, while 53.3 +/- 5.5 y for those having both of the risk genotypes (p < 0.05). Thus, GPIb alpha 145Met and p22phox 72 Tyr are the genetic factors associated with the risk of ischemic CVD in the Japanese. Carrying both of the two mutations might be associated with developing CVD at a younger age.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Jan|
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