Genome-wide role of hsf1 in transcriptional regulation of desiccation tolerance in the anhydrobiotic cell line, pv11

Shoko Tokumoto, Yugo Miyata, Ruslan Deviatiiarov, Takahiro G. Yamada, Yusuke Hiki, Olga Kozlova, Yuki Yoshida, Richard Cornette, Akira Funahashi, Elena Shagimardanova, Oleg Gusev, Takahiro Kikawada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The Pv11, an insect cell line established from the midge Polypedilum vanderplanki, is capa-ble of extreme hypometabolic desiccation tolerance, so-called anhydrobiosis. We previously discov-ered that heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) contributes to the acquisition of desiccation tolerance by Pv11 cells, but the mechanistic details have yet to be elucidated. Here, by analyzing the gene expression profiles of newly established HSF1-knockout and-rescue cell lines, we show that HSF1 has a ge-nome-wide effect on gene regulation in Pv11. The HSF1-knockout cells exhibit a reduced desiccation survival rate, but this is completely restored in HSF1-rescue cells. By comparing mRNA profiles of the two cell lines, we reveal that HSF1 induces anhydrobiosis-related genes, especially genes encoding late embryogenesis abundant proteins and thioredoxins, but represses a group of genes involved in basal cellular processes, thus promoting an extreme hypometabolism state in the cell. In addition, HSF1 binding motifs are enriched in the promoters of anhydrobiosis-related genes and we demonstrate binding of HSF1 to these promoters by ChIP-qPCR. Thus, HSF1 directly regulates the transcription of anhydrobiosis-related genes and consequently plays a pivotal role in the induction of anhydrobiotic ability in Pv11 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5798
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Anhydrobiosis
  • CRISPR/Cas9
  • Insect cell
  • Knockout
  • Polypedilum vanderplanki
  • Rescue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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