Geographical accessibility to gambling venues and pathological gambling: an econometric analysis of pachinko parlours in Japan

Hirotaka Kato, Rei Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between geographical accessibility to gambling venues and the prevalence of pathological gambling is still unknown. This study aimed to reveal this relationship in Japan as well as its variation by subpopulation. A cross-sectional study was conducted, based on an original web-based survey to understand the level of pathological gambling depending on accessibility to pachinko parlours. Pathological gamblers were measured using the Japanese version of the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Accessibility to gambling venues was defined as the number of pachinko parlours within a 1.5 km radius from home. Moreover, the study adopted the instrumental variable approach to solve the potential endogeneity problem. The results showed that the accessibility was not significantly associated with pathological gambling in general, but that the effects of accessibility varied by subpopulation. Accessibility was significantly and positively correlated with pathological gambling for men and people in low-income areas, but this was not so for women and people in high-income areas. The study’s findings show the importance of the neighbourhood environment and could help in implementing more effective interventions for pathological gamblers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Gambling Studies
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Oct 12

Fingerprint

Gambling
Japan
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • environmental effects
  • income
  • Japan
  • pathological gambling
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

@article{e2198770b6a84e728170962c99a75ef5,
title = "Geographical accessibility to gambling venues and pathological gambling: an econometric analysis of pachinko parlours in Japan",
abstract = "The relationship between geographical accessibility to gambling venues and the prevalence of pathological gambling is still unknown. This study aimed to reveal this relationship in Japan as well as its variation by subpopulation. A cross-sectional study was conducted, based on an original web-based survey to understand the level of pathological gambling depending on accessibility to pachinko parlours. Pathological gamblers were measured using the Japanese version of the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Accessibility to gambling venues was defined as the number of pachinko parlours within a 1.5 km radius from home. Moreover, the study adopted the instrumental variable approach to solve the potential endogeneity problem. The results showed that the accessibility was not significantly associated with pathological gambling in general, but that the effects of accessibility varied by subpopulation. Accessibility was significantly and positively correlated with pathological gambling for men and people in low-income areas, but this was not so for women and people in high-income areas. The study’s findings show the importance of the neighbourhood environment and could help in implementing more effective interventions for pathological gamblers.",
keywords = "environmental effects, income, Japan, pathological gambling, Prevalence",
author = "Hirotaka Kato and Rei Goto",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1080/14459795.2017.1383503",
language = "English",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "International Gambling Studies",
issn = "1445-9795",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geographical accessibility to gambling venues and pathological gambling

T2 - an econometric analysis of pachinko parlours in Japan

AU - Kato, Hirotaka

AU - Goto, Rei

PY - 2017/10/12

Y1 - 2017/10/12

N2 - The relationship between geographical accessibility to gambling venues and the prevalence of pathological gambling is still unknown. This study aimed to reveal this relationship in Japan as well as its variation by subpopulation. A cross-sectional study was conducted, based on an original web-based survey to understand the level of pathological gambling depending on accessibility to pachinko parlours. Pathological gamblers were measured using the Japanese version of the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Accessibility to gambling venues was defined as the number of pachinko parlours within a 1.5 km radius from home. Moreover, the study adopted the instrumental variable approach to solve the potential endogeneity problem. The results showed that the accessibility was not significantly associated with pathological gambling in general, but that the effects of accessibility varied by subpopulation. Accessibility was significantly and positively correlated with pathological gambling for men and people in low-income areas, but this was not so for women and people in high-income areas. The study’s findings show the importance of the neighbourhood environment and could help in implementing more effective interventions for pathological gamblers.

AB - The relationship between geographical accessibility to gambling venues and the prevalence of pathological gambling is still unknown. This study aimed to reveal this relationship in Japan as well as its variation by subpopulation. A cross-sectional study was conducted, based on an original web-based survey to understand the level of pathological gambling depending on accessibility to pachinko parlours. Pathological gamblers were measured using the Japanese version of the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Accessibility to gambling venues was defined as the number of pachinko parlours within a 1.5 km radius from home. Moreover, the study adopted the instrumental variable approach to solve the potential endogeneity problem. The results showed that the accessibility was not significantly associated with pathological gambling in general, but that the effects of accessibility varied by subpopulation. Accessibility was significantly and positively correlated with pathological gambling for men and people in low-income areas, but this was not so for women and people in high-income areas. The study’s findings show the importance of the neighbourhood environment and could help in implementing more effective interventions for pathological gamblers.

KW - environmental effects

KW - income

KW - Japan

KW - pathological gambling

KW - Prevalence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031399856&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85031399856&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/14459795.2017.1383503

DO - 10.1080/14459795.2017.1383503

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85031399856

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - International Gambling Studies

JF - International Gambling Studies

SN - 1445-9795

ER -