Giant spin-torque generation by heavily oxidized Pt

Hongyu An, Yusuke Kanno, Akio Asami, Kazuya Ando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a giant spin-torque generation originated from the ferromagnet/heavily oxidized Pt interface. The heavily oxidized Pt was fabricated by magnetron sputtering in a mixture of oxygen and argon gases with different oxygen flow rate Q from 50% to 100%. The dominant structure of the oxidized Pt is confirmed to be PtO2 in this Q range. We show that even in this heavily oxidized range, robust dampinglike and fieldlike spin torques can still be generated from the Ni81Fe19/oxidized Pt interface. By increasing the oxidation level of the oxidized Pt, the generation efficiencies of both dampinglike and fieldlike torques increase drastically, and noticeably, a maximum generation efficiency of 0.92 for the dampinglike torque is obtained. Our study further demonstrates that the generation efficiency of the dampinglike torque has a much larger value than that of the fieldlike torque, which indicates a dominant generation of the dampinglike torque from the interface. Since no energy dissipation occurs in the bulk of the spin-torque generator, this study provides a piece of information for the development of the energy-efficient spin-orbit devices based on insulating metallic oxides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014401
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 2

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torque
Torque
Oxygen
Argon
oxygen
Magnetron sputtering
Oxides
Energy dissipation
magnetron sputtering
Orbits
generators
flow velocity
energy dissipation
Gases
Flow rate
argon
orbits
Oxidation
oxidation
oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Giant spin-torque generation by heavily oxidized Pt. / An, Hongyu; Kanno, Yusuke; Asami, Akio; Ando, Kazuya.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 98, No. 1, 014401, 02.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

An, Hongyu ; Kanno, Yusuke ; Asami, Akio ; Ando, Kazuya. / Giant spin-torque generation by heavily oxidized Pt. In: Physical Review B. 2018 ; Vol. 98, No. 1.
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