Grain size effect on phase transition behavior and electrical properties of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 piezoelectric ceramics

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Abstract

Dense and phase-pure (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 (BKT) ceramics with various grain sizes from 0.18 to 1.01μm were prepared by conventional sintering of a hydrothermally synthesized fine powder. The decrease in grain size resulted in the reductions in tetragonality, remanent polarization, and the piezoelectric d33 coefficient, whereas the room-temperature dielectric permittivity slightly increased with decreasing grain size. The measurement of the temperature dependence of permittivity revealed that BKT exhibited the spontaneous relaxor-to-normal ferroelectric (R-nFE) phase transition. It was also found that the maximum permittivity was decreased and the R-nFE transition was inhibited by the reduction in grain size. In this paper, on the basis of the observed grain-size-dependent phase transition behaviors, microstructural models are proposed for both coarseand fine-grained BKT ceramics, and the mechanism underlying the grain size effect on the electrical properties is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10ND10
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Volume54
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

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Piezoelectric ceramics
piezoelectric ceramics
Electric properties
Permittivity
grain size
Phase transitions
electrical properties
Ferroelectric materials
Remanence
permittivity
Sintering
ceramics
Powders
Temperature
sintering
temperature dependence
room temperature
polarization
coefficients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Grain size effect on phase transition behavior and electrical properties of (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 piezoelectric ceramics",
abstract = "Dense and phase-pure (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 (BKT) ceramics with various grain sizes from 0.18 to 1.01μm were prepared by conventional sintering of a hydrothermally synthesized fine powder. The decrease in grain size resulted in the reductions in tetragonality, remanent polarization, and the piezoelectric d33 coefficient, whereas the room-temperature dielectric permittivity slightly increased with decreasing grain size. The measurement of the temperature dependence of permittivity revealed that BKT exhibited the spontaneous relaxor-to-normal ferroelectric (R-nFE) phase transition. It was also found that the maximum permittivity was decreased and the R-nFE transition was inhibited by the reduction in grain size. In this paper, on the basis of the observed grain-size-dependent phase transition behaviors, microstructural models are proposed for both coarseand fine-grained BKT ceramics, and the mechanism underlying the grain size effect on the electrical properties is discussed.",
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AU - Hagiwara, Manabu

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N2 - Dense and phase-pure (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 (BKT) ceramics with various grain sizes from 0.18 to 1.01μm were prepared by conventional sintering of a hydrothermally synthesized fine powder. The decrease in grain size resulted in the reductions in tetragonality, remanent polarization, and the piezoelectric d33 coefficient, whereas the room-temperature dielectric permittivity slightly increased with decreasing grain size. The measurement of the temperature dependence of permittivity revealed that BKT exhibited the spontaneous relaxor-to-normal ferroelectric (R-nFE) phase transition. It was also found that the maximum permittivity was decreased and the R-nFE transition was inhibited by the reduction in grain size. In this paper, on the basis of the observed grain-size-dependent phase transition behaviors, microstructural models are proposed for both coarseand fine-grained BKT ceramics, and the mechanism underlying the grain size effect on the electrical properties is discussed.

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