This study numerically and analytically investigates the dynamics of a rotor under viscous or dry friction as a nonequilibrium probe of a granular gas. In order to demonstrate the role of the rotor as a probe for a nonequilibrium bath, the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the rotor is performed under viscous or dry friction surrounded by a steady granular gas under gravity. A one-to-one map between the velocity distribution function (VDF) of the granular gas and the angular distribution function for the rotor is theoretically derived. The MD simulation demonstrates that the one-to-one map accurately infers the local VDF of the granular gas from the angular VDF of the rotor, and vice versa.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics