The (pro)renin receptor is important in the regulation of the tissue renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. The benefits and safety of single-aliskiren treatment without other renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors remain unclear. The serum level of the soluble form of the (pro)renin receptor is thought to be a biomarker reflecting the activity of the tissue renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. We investigated the effects of single renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade with aliskiren on renal and vascular functions and determined if serum level of the soluble (pro)renin receptor was a predictor of aliskiren efficacy in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease. Thirty-nine essential hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease in our outpatient clinic were randomly assigned to receive either aliskiren or amlodipine. The parameters associated with renal and vascular functions and indices of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system components, including serum levels of the soluble form, were evaluated before and after 12-week and 24-week treatment. Blood pressure was not significantly different between the groups. No significant changes in serum levels were observed in the soluble (pro)renin receptor in either group. Urinary albumin, protein excretion, and cardio-ankle vascular index significantly decreased in the aliskiren group. In the aliskiren group, there was a significant negative correlation between the basal level of the soluble (pro)renin receptor and the change in plasma aldosterone concentration. Single renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade with aliskiren showed renal and vascular protective effects independent of blood pressure reduction. Serum levels of the soluble (pro)renin receptor may indicate aldosterone production via the (pro)renin receptor in the adrenal gland.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine