H. pylori-eradication therapy increases RUNX3 expression in the glandular epithelial cells in enlarged-fold gastritis

Masayuki Suzuki, Hidekazu Suzuki, Yuriko Minegishi, Kosei Ito, Toshihiro Nishizawa, Toshifumi Hibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori (HP)-eradication therapy increases Runt domain transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) expression in the glandular epithelial cells in enlarged-fold gastritis. The aim of this study is to evaluate expression of the RUNX3 protein, the product of a gastric tumor suppression gene, and mutagenic oxidative stress in human gastric mucosal specimens obtained from patients with HP-induced enlarged-fold gastritis. Methods. RUNX3 expression was immunohistochemically scored and the degree of the mucosal oxidative stress was directly measured by the chemiluminescense (ChL) assay in the biopsy specimens. Results. RUNX3 expression was detected in the gastric epithelial cells. HP-eradication significantly increased RUNX3 expression in the glandular epithelium of the corpus, however, no change was observed in those of the antrum. A fourfold higher mucosal ChL value was observed in the corpus as compared with that in the antrum. HP-eradication significantly decreased the mucosal ChL values in both portions of the stomach to nearly undetectable levels. Conclusion. The glandular epithelium is exposed to a high level of carcinogenic oxidative stress and shows low levels of expression of the tumor suppressive molecule, RUNX3; however, this expression was restored after HP-eradication, suggesting the high risk of carcinogenesis associated with HP-induced enlarged-fold gastritis of the corpus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-264
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May

Keywords

  • Gastritis
  • H. pylori
  • Oxidative stress
  • RUNX3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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