Health related factors model of the middle-aged and elderly people based on structural equation modeling: Health determinant factors of housing and regional environment in suburban residential section of the city of kitakyushu (part 1)

Shintaro Ando, Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Toshiharu Ikaga, Tanji Hoshi

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the health determinant factors of housing and regional environment in the suburb of Kitakyushu. A questionnaire survey was carried out among the middle-aged and elderly people in Yatsue district the city of Kitakyushu, in order to clarify the respective influence of houses and regional environment, including the various surrounding environments, on residents' health. As for self-rated health, 80% of the respondents claimed, "I am in good health" or "1 am not in bad health", and there was no great distinction among age groups. Health related factors modeling showing the relations among housing, regional environments, and health was proposed, based on structural equation modeling. This model indicated that 23% of residents' health may be dependent on the influences of their houses and regional environments. This model also showed that residents' health had strong correlation to questionnaire items such as "indoor thermal environment" of houses, and "community activities", "neighborship" and "green space" for regional environments. Therefore, it is possible that residents' health may require appropriate maintenance through creation of good house and regional environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-580
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Engineering
Volume76
Issue number664
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun

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Keywords

  • A questionnaire survey
  • A suburban residential section
  • Health related factor
  • Housing and regional environment
  • Multiple indicators model
  • Structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The purpose of this study is to analyze the health determinant factors of housing and regional environment in the suburb of Kitakyushu. A questionnaire survey was carried out among the middle-aged and elderly people in Yatsue district the city of Kitakyushu, in order to clarify the respective influence of houses and regional environment, including the various surrounding environments, on residents' health. As for self-rated health, 80{\%} of the respondents claimed, {"}I am in good health{"} or {"}1 am not in bad health{"}, and there was no great distinction among age groups. Health related factors modeling showing the relations among housing, regional environments, and health was proposed, based on structural equation modeling. This model indicated that 23{\%} of residents' health may be dependent on the influences of their houses and regional environments. This model also showed that residents' health had strong correlation to questionnaire items such as {"}indoor thermal environment{"} of houses, and {"}community activities{"}, {"}neighborship{"} and {"}green space{"} for regional environments. Therefore, it is possible that residents' health may require appropriate maintenance through creation of good house and regional environment.",
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