Heartbeat Detection Using 3D Lidar and MIMO Doppler Radar

Mondher Bouazizi, Kohei Yamamoto, Tomoaki Ohtsuki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Non-contact measurement of the heart rate (HR) refers to the usage of wireless sensors (e.g., Doppler sensors) to identify the heart-related faint movements and to reconstruct the R-peaks or estimate the HR. Conventional work in the field requires the chest of the subject being monitored to be in a specific position in front of the sensor. In our previous work, we have proposed to use a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) Doppler Radar to perform the detection of heartbeats even when the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) is not very high. By exploiting the fact that different beams have different SNR of heartbeat components, our previous method detects heartbeats by aggregating several received signals. In general, it is essential to use beam directions toward the a subject's chest. However, the chest location estimation is challenging, when there exist several subjects or other moving objects. In the current paper, to deal with this issue, we narrow down the direction of beams to use by using a system composed of a MIMO Doppler sensor and a Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) device. By means of transfer learning and automatic annotation of data, the LiDAR is trained to identify the relative chest angle and distance to the subject from the devices, while the MIMO Doppler Radar can adjust the beam towards the identified direction. Throughout experiments, we show the effectiveness of the combination of both the Lidar and radar in detecting the direction and distance to the subject as well as the heartbeat.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICC 2022 - IEEE International Conference on Communications
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3040-3045
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538683477
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event2022 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2022 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2022 May 162022 May 20

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
Volume2022-May
ISSN (Print)1550-3607

Conference

Conference2022 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2022
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period22/5/1622/5/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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