Hemoadsorption of high-mobility-group box 1 using a porous polymethylmethacrylate fiber in a swine acute liver failure model

Ryusuke Amemiya, Masahiro Shinoda, Masayuki Yamada, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Kaoru Shimada, Hiroaki Fujieda, Hiroshi Yagi, Takamasa Mizota, Ryo Nishiyama, Go Oshima, Shingo Yamada, Kentaro Matsubara, Yuta Abe, Taizo Hibi, Minoru Kitago, Hideaki Obara, Osamu Itano, Yuko Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: High-mobility-group box chromosomal protein 1 has been identified as an important mediator of various kinds of acute and chronic inflammation. In this study, we aimed to develop a column that effectively adsorbs high-mobility-group box chromosomal protein 1 by altering the pore size of the fiber. Materials and methods: First, we produced three types of porous polymethylmethacrylate fiber by altering the concentration of polymethylmethacrylate dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide. We then selected a fiber based on the results of an in vitro incubation test of high-mobility-group box chromosomal protein 1 adsorption. Using the selected fiber, we constructed a new column and tested its high-mobility-group box chromosomal protein 1 adsorption capacity during 4-h extracorporeal hemoperfusion in a swine acute liver failure model. Results: Electron microscope observation showed that the three types of fibers had different pore sizes on the surface and in cross section, which were dependent on the concentration of polymethylmethacrylate. In the in vitro incubation test, fiber with moderate-sized pores demonstrated the highest adsorption capacity. In the in vivo hemoperfusion study, the ratio of the high-mobility-group box chromosomal protein 1 concentration at the outlet versus the inlet of the column was significantly lower with the new column than with the control column during 4-h extracorporeal hemoperfusion. The normalized plasma level of high-mobility-group box chromosomal protein 1 at 12 h after the completion of hemoperfusion was significantly lower with the new column than with the control column. Conclusion: The newly developed polymethylmethacrylate column adsorbs high-mobility-group box chromosomal protein 1 during hemoperfusion in swine ALF model.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Feb 1

Keywords

  • acute liver failure
  • adsorption
  • column
  • extracorporeal hemoperfusion
  • High-mobility group box 1
  • polymethylmethacrylate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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