Coil embolization is widely performed for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs). We describe herein 2 cases of hemoptysis during long-term follow-up after coil embolization for PAVMs. For both cases, lobectomy was performed and histopathological examinations revealed chronic inflammation and bronchial epithelium extension into the sac of the PAVM. In addition, we performed a systematic review of previous reports of hemoptysis after embolization for PAVMs.
- Coil embolization
- Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging