Hepatically-metabolized and -excreted artificial oxygen carrier, hemoglobin vesicles, can be safely used under conditions of hepatic impairment

Kazuaki Taguchi, Mayumi Miyasato, Hayato Ujihira, Hiroshi Watanabe, Daisuke Kadowaki, Hiromi Sakai, Eishun Tsuchida, Hirohisa Horinouchi, Koichi Kobayashi, Toru Maruyama, Masaki Otagiri

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hemoglobin vesicle (HbV) is an artificial oxygen carrier in which a concentrated Hb solution is encapsulated in lipid vesicles. Our previous studies demonstrated that HbV is metabolized by the mononuclear phagocyte system, and the lipid components are excreted from the liver. It is well-known that many hepatically-metabolized and -excreted drugs show altered pharmaceutics under conditions of liver impairment, which results in adverse effects. The aim of this study was to determine whether the administration of HbV causes toxicity in rats with carbon tetrachloride induced liver cirrhosis. Changes in plasma biochemical parameters, histological staining and the pharmacokinetic distribution of HbV were evaluated after an HbV injection of the above model rats at a putative clinical dose (1400 mgHb/kg). Plasma biochemical parameters were not significantly affected, except for a transient elevation of lipase, lipid components and bilirubin, which recovered within 14 days after an HbV infusion. Negligible morphological changes were observed in the kidney, liver, spleen, lung and heart. Hemosiderin, a marker of iron accumulation in organs, was observed in the liver and spleen up to 14 days after HbV treatment, but no evidence of oxidative stress in the plasma and liver were observed. HbV is mainly distributed in the liver and spleen, and the lipid components are excreted into feces within 7 days. In conclusion, even under conditions of hepatic cirrhosis, HbV and its components exhibit the favorable metabolic and excretion profile at the putative clinical dose. These findings provide further support for the safety and effectiveness of HbV in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume248
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Artificial oxygen carrier
  • Chronic cirrhosis
  • Hemoglobin vesicle
  • Safety and toxicology evaluations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Taguchi, K., Miyasato, M., Ujihira, H., Watanabe, H., Kadowaki, D., Sakai, H., Tsuchida, E., Horinouchi, H., Kobayashi, K., Maruyama, T., & Otagiri, M. (2010). Hepatically-metabolized and -excreted artificial oxygen carrier, hemoglobin vesicles, can be safely used under conditions of hepatic impairment. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 248(3), 234-241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2010.08.006