High dose intravenous methylprednisolone resolves esophageal stricture resistant to balloon dilatation with intralesional injection of dexamethasone

Nobuyuki Morikawa, Toshiro Honna, Tatsuo Kuroda, Koji Watanabe, Hideaki Tanaka, Hajime Takayasu, Akihiro Fujino, Hiroko Tanemura, Makoto Matsukubo

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Abstract

One of the most serious problems in patients with long-gap esophageal atresia or corrosive esophagitis is esophageal stricture, which may require esophageal resection and replacement. We describe two cases with persistent esophageal stricture successfully managed by high dose intravenous methylprednisolone following balloon dilatation. High-dose methylprednisolone with gradual tapering (daily 25, 15, 10, 5, 2 mg/kg for 4 days each) plus cimetidine and ampicillin for 1 week was intravenously administrated immediately after balloon dilatation of the esophageal stenosis. This was followed by oral prednisolone (daily 2, 1, 0.5 mg/kg for 1 week each) for persistent esophageal stricture. High dose intravenous methylprednisolone therapy was given to two patients. One patient was a 5-year-old boy with long-gap esophageal atresia who had undergone repair of the esophagus resulting in severe anastomotic stenosis of 3 cm in length. The other case was a 10-year-old boy with corrosive stenosis caused by alkali ingestion. Both patients had been requiring balloon dilatation of the esophagus with intralesional injection of dexamethasone every 3 weeks for more than 1 year to tolerate oral feeding. After the high-dose methylprednisolone protocol was initiated, the symptoms of dysphagia or choking dramatically improved in both patients, and they remained symptom-free for 8 and 7 months. There were complications of moon faces that resolved concomitantly with the withdrawal of oral prednisolone in both cases. High dose intravenous methylprednisolone in addition to intralesional injection of dexamethasone following balloon dilation is an effective therapeutic strategy for persistent esophageal strictures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1164
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric surgery international
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 1

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Keywords

  • Corrosive esophagitis
  • Esophageal atresia
  • Steroid
  • Stricture
  • Systemic administration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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