High fruit intake is associated with a lower risk of future hypertension determined by home blood pressure measurement

The OHASAMA study

M. Tsubota-Utsugi, T. Ohkubo, M. Kikuya, H. Metoki, A. Kurimoto, K. Suzuki, N. Fukushima, Azusa Hara, K. Asayama, H. Satoh, Y. Tsubono, Y. Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate associations of fruit and vegetable intake with the risk of future hypertension using home blood pressure in a general population from Ohasama, Japan. We obtained data from 745 residents aged ≥35 years without home hypertension at baseline. Dietary intake was measured using a validated 141-item food frequency questionnaire, and subjects were then divided into quartiles according to the fruit and vegetable intake. Home hypertension was defined as home systolic/diastolic blood pressure of ≥135/85 mm Hg and/or the use of antihypertensive medication. During a 4-year follow-up period, we identified 222 incident cases of home hypertension. After adjustment for all putative confounding factors, the highest quartile of fruit intake was associated with a significantly lower risk of future home hypertension (odds ratio 0.40, 95% confidence interval 0.22-0.74, P=0.004). In conclusion, this study, based on home blood pressure measurement, suggests that higher intake of fruit is associated with a lower risk of future home hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-171
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fruit
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Vegetables
Antihypertensive Agents
Japan
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Food
Population

Keywords

  • fruit intake
  • healthy community resident
  • home blood pressure
  • home hypertension
  • nutrition
  • vegetable intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

High fruit intake is associated with a lower risk of future hypertension determined by home blood pressure measurement : The OHASAMA study. / Tsubota-Utsugi, M.; Ohkubo, T.; Kikuya, M.; Metoki, H.; Kurimoto, A.; Suzuki, K.; Fukushima, N.; Hara, Azusa; Asayama, K.; Satoh, H.; Tsubono, Y.; Imai, Y.

In: Journal of Human Hypertension, Vol. 25, No. 3, 01.03.2011, p. 164-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsubota-Utsugi, M, Ohkubo, T, Kikuya, M, Metoki, H, Kurimoto, A, Suzuki, K, Fukushima, N, Hara, A, Asayama, K, Satoh, H, Tsubono, Y & Imai, Y 2011, 'High fruit intake is associated with a lower risk of future hypertension determined by home blood pressure measurement: The OHASAMA study', Journal of Human Hypertension, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 164-171. https://doi.org/10.1038/jhh.2010.48
Tsubota-Utsugi, M. ; Ohkubo, T. ; Kikuya, M. ; Metoki, H. ; Kurimoto, A. ; Suzuki, K. ; Fukushima, N. ; Hara, Azusa ; Asayama, K. ; Satoh, H. ; Tsubono, Y. ; Imai, Y. / High fruit intake is associated with a lower risk of future hypertension determined by home blood pressure measurement : The OHASAMA study. In: Journal of Human Hypertension. 2011 ; Vol. 25, No. 3. pp. 164-171.
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