High glucose concentration does not modulate the formation of arterial medial calcification in experimental uremic rats

Tadashi Yoshida, Maho Yamashita, Chihiro Horimai, Matsuhiko Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High phosphate-induced phenotypic switching of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) into osteogenic cells is critical for the formation of arterial medial calcification in chronic kidney disease. Because vascular calcification is also prevalent in type 2 diabetes, we examined whether glucose concentration affects high phosphate-induced SMC phenotypic switching and calcification. First, the formation of arterial medial calcification was compared among 4 groups: adenine-fed uremic rats, streptozotocin-injected hyperglycemic rats, adenine-fed and streptozotocin-injected uremic/hyperglycemic rats, and control rats. Calcification was obvious in uremic and uremic/hyperglycemic rats, whereas it was undetectable in the others. Aortic calcium contents were significantly elevated in uremic and uremic/hyperglycemic rats, but they were not different between the two groups. Moreover, hyperglycemia had no effects on the reduced expression of SMC differentiation markers including smooth muscle α-actin and SM22α and on the increased expression of osteogenic markers, such as Runx2, in uremic rats. Second, cultured SMCs were incubated in the medium with various concentrations of phosphate (0.9-4.5 mmol/l) and glucose (5-50 mmol/l), and calcium deposition was measured. Although high phosphate dose-dependently increased calcium contents, they were unaffected by glucose concentration. Results suggest that glucose concentration does not directly modulate high phosphate-induced SMC phenotypic switching and arterial medial calcification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-520
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular Research
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Advanced glycation end products
  • Phosphate
  • Runx2
  • Smooth muscle cells
  • Vascular calcification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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