High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers

Kejie Fang, Victor M. Acosta, Charles Santori, Zhihong Huang, Kohei M. Itoh, Hideyuki Watanabe, Shinichi Shikata, Raymond G. Beausoleil

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71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrate an absolute magnetometer based on quantum beats in the ground state of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. We show that, by eliminating the dependence of spin evolution on the zero-field splitting D, the magnetometer is immune to temperature fluctuation and strain inhomogeneity. We apply this technique to measure low-frequency magnetic field noise by using a single nitrogen-vacancy center located within 500 nm of the surface of an isotopically pure (99.99% C12) diamond. The photon-shot-noise limited sensitivity achieves 38 nT/√Hz for 4.45 s acquisition time, a factor of √2 better than the implementation which uses only two spin levels. For long acquisition times (>10 s), we realize up to a factor of 15 improvement in magnetic sensitivity, which demonstrates the robustness of our technique against thermal drifts. Applying our technique to nitrogen-vacancy center ensembles, we eliminate dephasing from longitudinal strain inhomogeneity, resulting in a factor of 2.3 improvement in sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130802
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume110
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Fang, K., Acosta, V. M., Santori, C., Huang, Z., Itoh, K. M., Watanabe, H., Shikata, S., & Beausoleil, R. G. (2013). High-sensitivity magnetometry based on quantum beats in diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers. Physical review letters, 110(13), [130802]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.130802