High-speed fully-adaptable CRC accelerators

Amila Akagic, Hideharu Amano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) is a well known error detection scheme used to detect corruption of digital content in digital networks and storage devices. Since it is a compute-intensive process which adversely affects performance, hardware acceleration using FPGAs has been tried and satisfactory performance has been achieved. However, recent extended usage of networks and storage systems require various correction capabilities for various CRC standards. Traditional hardware designs based on the LFSR (Linear Feedback Shift Register) tend to have fixed structure without such flexibility. Here, fully-adaptable CRC accelerator based on a table-based algorithm is proposed. The table-based algorithm is a flexible method commonly used in software implementations. It has been rarely implemented with the hardware, since it is believed that the operational speed is not enough. However, by using pipelined structure and efficient use of memory modules in FPGAs, it appeared that the table-based fixed CRC accelerators achieved better performance than traditional implementation. Based on the implementation, fully-adaptable CRC accelerator which eliminate the need for many non-adaptable CRC implementations is proposed. The accelerator has ability to process arbitrary number of input data and generates CRC for any known CRC standard, up to 65 bits of generator polynomial, during run-time. Further, we modify Table generation algorithm in order to decrease its space complexity from O(nm) to O(n). On Xilinx Virtex 6 LX550T board, the fully-adaptable accelerators occupy between 1 to 2% area to produce maximum of 289.8Gbps at 283.1MHz if BRAM is deployed, or between 1.6 - 14% of area for 418 Gbps at 408.9MHz if tables are implemented in logic. Proposed architecture enables further expansion of throughput by increasing a number of input bits M processed at a time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1299-1308
Number of pages10
JournalIEICE Transactions on Information and Systems
VolumeE96-D
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun

Keywords

  • Accelerators
  • Adaptability
  • Cyclic redundancy checks
  • FPGAs
  • Reconfigurable computing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence

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