HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000

Masahiro Kihara, Masako Ono-Kihara, Mitchell D. Feldman, Seiichi Ichikawa, Shuji Hashimoto, Akira Eboshida, Taro Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Kamakura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The HIV/AIDS surveillance system in Japan, which began collecting data on the number of AIDS patients in 1984 and the number of HIV-infected persons in 1987, has played an important role in monitoring the trend and magnitude of Japan's HIV/AIDS epidemic and its distribution across various population subgroups. However, the system lacks any personal identifiers, making it impossible to eliminate duplication or to track cases for disease progression. It also does not permit the identification of the residence of HIV-infected persons because the residence of only the reporting physician is documented under the New Infectious Diseases Control Law, effective since April 1, 1999. The number of people with HIV/AIDS in Japan continues to grow. Among youth, sexually transmitted diseases, induced abortion, and sexual activities have shown a marked increase since the mid-1990s. Behavioral risk of infection for both injection drug users (IDUs) and men who have sex with men (MSM) remains alarmingly high. Accurate monitoring of infection rates is critical to the planning and evaluation of treatment, care and prevention programs. Japan should restructure its HIV/AIDS surveillance system to more accurately monitor the HIV/AIDS epidemic and related risk behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume32
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb

Fingerprint

Japan
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Induced Abortion
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Risk-Taking
Drug Users
Infection
Sexual Behavior
Communicable Diseases
Disease Progression
Physicians
Injections
Population

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • Japan
  • Sexual behavior
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Kihara, M., Ono-Kihara, M., Feldman, M. D., Ichikawa, S., Hashimoto, S., Eboshida, A., ... Kamakura, M. (2003). HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 32(SUPPL. 1).

HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000. / Kihara, Masahiro; Ono-Kihara, Masako; Feldman, Mitchell D.; Ichikawa, Seiichi; Hashimoto, Shuji; Eboshida, Akira; Yamamoto, Taro; Kamakura, Mitsuhiro.

In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vol. 32, No. SUPPL. 1, 02.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kihara, M, Ono-Kihara, M, Feldman, MD, Ichikawa, S, Hashimoto, S, Eboshida, A, Yamamoto, T & Kamakura, M 2003, 'HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000', Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 32, no. SUPPL. 1.
Kihara M, Ono-Kihara M, Feldman MD, Ichikawa S, Hashimoto S, Eboshida A et al. HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2003 Feb;32(SUPPL. 1).
Kihara, Masahiro ; Ono-Kihara, Masako ; Feldman, Mitchell D. ; Ichikawa, Seiichi ; Hashimoto, Shuji ; Eboshida, Akira ; Yamamoto, Taro ; Kamakura, Mitsuhiro. / HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000. In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2003 ; Vol. 32, No. SUPPL. 1.
@article{757c9bbc3b3c44daaf054a2613126f05,
title = "HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000",
abstract = "The HIV/AIDS surveillance system in Japan, which began collecting data on the number of AIDS patients in 1984 and the number of HIV-infected persons in 1987, has played an important role in monitoring the trend and magnitude of Japan's HIV/AIDS epidemic and its distribution across various population subgroups. However, the system lacks any personal identifiers, making it impossible to eliminate duplication or to track cases for disease progression. It also does not permit the identification of the residence of HIV-infected persons because the residence of only the reporting physician is documented under the New Infectious Diseases Control Law, effective since April 1, 1999. The number of people with HIV/AIDS in Japan continues to grow. Among youth, sexually transmitted diseases, induced abortion, and sexual activities have shown a marked increase since the mid-1990s. Behavioral risk of infection for both injection drug users (IDUs) and men who have sex with men (MSM) remains alarmingly high. Accurate monitoring of infection rates is critical to the planning and evaluation of treatment, care and prevention programs. Japan should restructure its HIV/AIDS surveillance system to more accurately monitor the HIV/AIDS epidemic and related risk behaviors.",
keywords = "AIDS, HIV, Japan, Sexual behavior, Surveillance",
author = "Masahiro Kihara and Masako Ono-Kihara and Feldman, {Mitchell D.} and Seiichi Ichikawa and Shuji Hashimoto and Akira Eboshida and Taro Yamamoto and Mitsuhiro Kamakura",
year = "2003",
month = "2",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
journal = "Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes",
issn = "1525-4135",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "SUPPL. 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000

AU - Kihara, Masahiro

AU - Ono-Kihara, Masako

AU - Feldman, Mitchell D.

AU - Ichikawa, Seiichi

AU - Hashimoto, Shuji

AU - Eboshida, Akira

AU - Yamamoto, Taro

AU - Kamakura, Mitsuhiro

PY - 2003/2

Y1 - 2003/2

N2 - The HIV/AIDS surveillance system in Japan, which began collecting data on the number of AIDS patients in 1984 and the number of HIV-infected persons in 1987, has played an important role in monitoring the trend and magnitude of Japan's HIV/AIDS epidemic and its distribution across various population subgroups. However, the system lacks any personal identifiers, making it impossible to eliminate duplication or to track cases for disease progression. It also does not permit the identification of the residence of HIV-infected persons because the residence of only the reporting physician is documented under the New Infectious Diseases Control Law, effective since April 1, 1999. The number of people with HIV/AIDS in Japan continues to grow. Among youth, sexually transmitted diseases, induced abortion, and sexual activities have shown a marked increase since the mid-1990s. Behavioral risk of infection for both injection drug users (IDUs) and men who have sex with men (MSM) remains alarmingly high. Accurate monitoring of infection rates is critical to the planning and evaluation of treatment, care and prevention programs. Japan should restructure its HIV/AIDS surveillance system to more accurately monitor the HIV/AIDS epidemic and related risk behaviors.

AB - The HIV/AIDS surveillance system in Japan, which began collecting data on the number of AIDS patients in 1984 and the number of HIV-infected persons in 1987, has played an important role in monitoring the trend and magnitude of Japan's HIV/AIDS epidemic and its distribution across various population subgroups. However, the system lacks any personal identifiers, making it impossible to eliminate duplication or to track cases for disease progression. It also does not permit the identification of the residence of HIV-infected persons because the residence of only the reporting physician is documented under the New Infectious Diseases Control Law, effective since April 1, 1999. The number of people with HIV/AIDS in Japan continues to grow. Among youth, sexually transmitted diseases, induced abortion, and sexual activities have shown a marked increase since the mid-1990s. Behavioral risk of infection for both injection drug users (IDUs) and men who have sex with men (MSM) remains alarmingly high. Accurate monitoring of infection rates is critical to the planning and evaluation of treatment, care and prevention programs. Japan should restructure its HIV/AIDS surveillance system to more accurately monitor the HIV/AIDS epidemic and related risk behaviors.

KW - AIDS

KW - HIV

KW - Japan

KW - Sexual behavior

KW - Surveillance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037321637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037321637&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 12571516

AN - SCOPUS:0037321637

VL - 32

JO - Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes

JF - Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes

SN - 1525-4135

IS - SUPPL. 1

ER -