HLA class II alleles and immunoglobulin allotypes were determined in 83 Japanese patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and 114 race-matched healthy controls. Distribution of DRB and DQB1 alleles as well as G1M(f, z), G2M(n+, n-), and KM(1, (1,2), 3) were not different between ITP patients and healthy controls, while DPB1*0201 was marginally increased in ITP patients vs. healthy controls (51% vs. 28%, Pc = 0.04, OR = 2.6 [1.4-4.8]). In contrast, strong associations between anti-glycoprotein autoantibodies and HLA class II genes were found as follows: Anti-GPIIb-IIIa antibody with DRB1*0405 and DQB1*0401; and anti-GPIb-IX antibody with DRB1*0803 and DQB1*0601. When factors influencing therapeutic responses to splenectomy were examined, a poor response was correlated with the presence of DRB1*0405, DQB1*0401 and anti-GPIIb-IIIa antibody (P = 0.01, 0.002, and 0.03, respectively). Our results indicate that HLA class II genes influence the production of anti-glycoprotein antibody specificities rather than the development of ITP. In addition, HLA class II genotyping could be useful in predicting therapeutic responses to splenectomy in Japanese patients with ITP.
- Anti-platelet antibody
- Immune thrombocytopenic purpura
- Immunoglobulin allotype
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy