Hormonal diterpenoids distinct to gibberellins regulate protonema differentiation in the moss physcomitrium patens

Masatoshi Nakajima, Sho Miyazaki, Hiroshi Kawaide

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Plants synthesize gibberellin (GA), a diterpenoid hormone, via ent-kaurenoic acid (KA) oxidation. GA has not been detected in the moss Physcomitrium patens despite its ability to synthesize KA. It was recently shown that a KA metabolite, 3OH-KA, was identified as an active regulator of protonema differentiation in P. patens. An inactive KA metabolite, 2OH-KA, was also identified in the moss, as was KA2ox, which is responsible for converting KA to 2OH-KA. In this review, we mainly discuss the GA biosynthetic gene homologs identified and characterized in bryophytes. We show the similarities and differences between the OH-KA control of moss and GA control of flowering plants. We also discuss using recent genomic studies; mosses do not contain KAO, even though other bryophytes do. This absence of KAO in mosses corresponds to the presence of KA2ox, which is absent in other vascular plants. Thus, given that 2OH-KA and 3OH-KA were isolated from ferns and flowering plants, respectively, vascular plants may have evolved from ancestral bryophytes that originally produced 3OH-KA and GA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1861-1868
Number of pages8
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume61
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1

Keywords

  • 2ODD
  • Fern
  • Kaurenoic acid
  • Moss
  • P450

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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